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化学与生物视角下酸性矿山废水中次生矿物的地球化学过程=The Geochemical Processes of Secondary Minerals in Acid Mine Drainage:From Chemical and Biological Perspectives : 英文


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化学与生物视角下酸性矿山废水中次生矿物的地球化学过程=The Geochemical Processes of Secondary Minerals in Acid Mine Drainage:From Chemical and Biological Perspectives : 英文
  • 书号:9787508858746
    作者:党志等
  • 外文书名:
  • 丛书名:矿区生态环境修复丛书
  • 装帧:平脊精装
    开本:16
  • 页数:264
    字数:536000
    语种:zh-Hans
  • 出版社:科学出版社
    出版时间:2021-01-01
  • 所属分类:
  • 定价: ¥219.00元
    售价: ¥175.20元
  • 图书介质:
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This book is of interest regarding acid mine drainage (AMD), an important environmental problem caused by the natural weathering of metal sulfides during the utilization of mineral resources. In the AMD-contaminated watershed environment, a large number of metastable iron-sulfate secondary minerals are often formed, which can adsorb and co-precipitate heavy metals within AMD. At the same time, mineral transformation determines the rerelease behavior of heavy metals and their fate in different phases. This book introduces the scientific problems of biochemically controlled processes and heavy metal release mechanisms driven by various environmental factors as follows: ① migration and fate of metallic elements in the mud impoundment and the affected river; ② SO24 -migration in an AMD-affected river; ③ mineralogical characteristics of sediments in an AMD-affected river; ④ Fe- and S-metabolizing microbial communities in an AMD-affected river ecosystem; ⑤ chemical and biological transformations of secondary mineral phases in AMD-affected river sediments.This theoretical framework will help to clarify the migration pathways and internal mechanism of heavy metals in mining areas, thus providing insight into the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution in such areas.
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目录

  • Contents
    Chapter 1 Pollution of Acid Mine Drainage in The Mining Area 1
    1.1 Acid Mine Drainage and Its Occurrence 1
    1.2 Mechanism of AMD Generation 3
    1.3 AMD Prevention and Control Techniques 6
    1.3.1 Oxygen Barrier 6
    1.3.2 Bactericide 8
    1.3.3 Co-Disposal and Blending 8
    1.3.4 Passivation 9
    1.3.5 Passive Treatment Techniques 9
    1.4 Main Points of Interest in This Book 10
    1.4.1 Sulfur Cycle in AMD-Affected Watershed 10
    1.4.2 Fe Cycling and Nano-Fe(III) secondary minerals in AMD-Affected Watershed 12
    1.4.3 Main Points of Interest inOurWork 14
    1.5 The Dabaoshan Mine 15
    1.5.1 Mineral Resources of The Dabaoshan Mine 15
    1.5.2 Solid Waste Disposal in the Mine Area 16
    1.5.3 AMD Control and Its Treatment in Mine Area 18
    1.5.4 AMD Pollution in the Dabaoshan Mine Area 20
    1.5.5 General Sampling Sites Arrangement 21
    Chapter 2 Sulfate Migration and Geochemical Behaviors in the AMD-Affected River 23
    2.1 Physicochemical Characteristics of the Affected River Watershed 23
    2.1.1 Acidic Watershed Environments 24
    2.1.2 High Turbidity 25
    2.1.3 Steep Riverbed Upstream 26
    2.1.4 Oxidative Water Condition 29
    2.1.5 High Salinity 29
    2.2 Sulfur Element Distribution in the Watershed 30
    2.2.1 Dissolved Sulfur in Water Phase 30
    2.2.2 Sulfur Distributions in Sediments 31
    Chapter 3 Metallic Elements’ Fate and Migration Mechanisms in the AMD-Affected River 37
    3.1 Metallic Elements in the Watershed 37
    3.1.1 Dissolved Metallic Elements in the Water Phase 37
    3.1.2 Metallic Elements in Sediment Phase 38
    3.2 Migration Mechanisms for Metallic Elements in the Affected Watershed 44
    3.2.1 Potential Mobility 44
    3.2.2 Oxidative Leaching and Re-Adsorption 45
    3.2.3 Hydraulic Transportation 46
    3.2.4 Precipitation/ Co-Precipitation 47
    3.3 Relations of Sulfur, Iron, and Metallic Elements in the Watershed 48
    3.3.1 Relationship Argumentation by SPSS Analysis 48
    3.3.2 Relationship Argumentation by Mineralogy Analysis 50
    3.3.3 Relationship Argumentation via Isotope Analysis 54
    Chapter 4 Microbial Community Composition in AMD-Polluted Watershed and Paddy Soil 59
    4.1 Microbial Community Shifts in Response to AMD Pollution in the Hengshi River Watershed 59
    4.1.1 Materials and Methods 60
    4.1.2 Physicochemical Characterization of the Watershed 61
    4.1.3 Alpha Diversity Analyses 61
    4.1.4 Beta Diversity Analyses 66
    4.1.5 Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Microbial Communities 68
    4.2 Microbial Community Responses to AMD-Laden Pollution in Rice Paddy Soils 81
    4.2.1 Investigating the Effect of Pollution inAMD-Affected Paddy Soil 81
    4.2.2 Microbial Community and Soil Properties 82
    4.2.3 The Spatial Pattern of Microbial Community 91
    Chapter 5 Chemical Transformations of Secondary Minerals in the AMD-Affected Area: Induced by Dissolved Organic Matter 95
    5.1 Role of L-Tryptophan in the Release of Chromium from Schwertmannite 96
    5.1.1 Experimental Setting 96
    5.1.2 Results and Discussion 99
    5.1.3 Possible Mechanism 109
    5.2 Fulvic Acid Induction of the Liberation of Chromium From CrO24 -Substituted Schwertmannite 111
    5.2.1 Release of Total Fe, Cr, and SO24- from Schwertmannite 111
    5.2.2 Cr Speciation Analysis 122
    5.2.3 Proposed Schematic Illustrating Fate of Fe and Cr 123
    5.3 Elucidation of Desferrioxamine B on the Liberation of Chromium from Schwertmannite 124
    5.3.1 Dissolution Kinetics 124
    5.3.2 Effects of DFOB and pH on the Dissolution of Cr-Schwertmannite 125
    Chapter 6 Chemical Transformations of Secondary Minerals in AMD-Affected Area: Induced by Inorganic Substance 139
    6.1 Effect of Cu(II) on the Stability of Oxyanion-Substituted Schwertmannite 140
    6.1.1 Schwertmannite Synthesis 140
    6.1.2 Stability Experiments 141
    6.1.3 Effect of Cu(II) on the Stability of Oxyanion-Substituted Schwertmannite 142
    6.2 Transformation of Cadmium-Associated Schwertmannite and Subsequent Element Repartitioning Behaviors 159
    6.2.1 Cd-associated Schwertmannite Synthesis 159
    6.2.2 Surface Complexation Model Simulations 159
    6.2.3 Cd-associated Schwertmannite Transformation Experiments 160
    6.2.4 Transformation Mechanism of Cadmium-associated Schwertmannite 160
    6.3 The Behavior of Chromium and Arsenic Associated with Redox Transformation of Schwertmannite in AMD Environment 173
    6.3.1 Schwertmannite Synthesis 173
    6.3.2 Transformation Experiments 173
    6.3.3 The Behavior of Chromium and Arsenic Associated with Redox Transformation of Schwertmannite In AMD Environment 174
    6.4 Thiocyanate-Induced Labilization of Schwertmannite: Impacts and Mechanisms 188
    6.4.1 The Inducing Transformation of Schwertmannite 188
    6.4.2 TheMechanismofThiocyanate-InducedTransformation 189
    6.4.3 pH-Controlled Transformation 200
    6.4.4 Ligand-Promoted Transformation 201
    Chapter 7 The Microbial Transformation of Schwertmannite 203
    7.1 Schwertmannite Transformation Led by Iron-Reducing Bacteria 203
    7.1.1 Schwertmannite and Iron-Reducing Bacteria 203
    7.1.2 S. oneidensis MR-1 and the Transformation of Cr(V)-Loaded Schwertmannite 204
    7.2 Secondary Mineralization in AMD-Affected River Controlled By Functional Microbes 212
    7.2.1 Schwertmannite and Iron-Reducing Bacteria 212
    7.2.3 Secondary Mineralization by Microbial Community 221
    7.3 Extracellular Electron Transfer of Sulfate-Reducing Enrichment Culture 224
    7.3.1 Schwertmannite and Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria 224
    7.3.2 Schwertmannite Transformation and the Change of Enrichment Within Direct/Indirect Electron Transfer 224
    7.3.3 The Predicted Genetic Function during Schwertmannite Transformation within Direct/Indirect Electron Transfer 228
    7.3.4 Proposed Schematic of Microbial Transformation of Schwertmannite and Jarosite 232
    References 235
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