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现代汉语名词谓语句的句法研究
  • 书号:9787030428318
    作者:张庆文 著
  • 外文书名:
  • 丛书名:
  • 装帧:平装
    开本:B5
  • 页数:
    字数:300000
    语种:英语
  • 出版社:科学出版社
    出版时间:2016-08-01
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  • 定价: ¥78.00元
    售价: ¥78.00元
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本书运用生成语法学理论,从句法和语义角度对汉语名词谓语句进行了探讨,主要回答以下问题:汉语名词谓语句是否是汉语特有的语言现象?汉语名词谓语句与其他类型的谓语句存在哪些共性?汉语名词谓语句是否遵守普遍语法原则。根据对汉语名词谓语句的观察,本书提出了“戴维森论元可见性假设”,其核心思想是一个句子如若合法,必须在可能世界(possible world)中找到合适的坐标,亦即锚定点(anchoring point),使句中的戴维森论元得以实现。通过对四种名词谓语句的深入研究,我们发现汉语的名词谓语句与动词谓语句以及屈折性语言中的名词谓语句一样,它们在句子的合法性上都遵循“戴维森论元可见性假设”。如果把这一假设看作普遍语法的一部分的话,汉语名词谓语句无疑是遵守普遍语法的,这一点与所有主谓关系句都无二致。
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目录

  • Contents
    前言
    Foreword
    Chapter 1 Introduction1
    1.1 Preliminaries1
    1.1.1 The Davidsonian event theory: The theoretical framework2
    1.1.2 The Davidsonian argument and predication in Chinese: Issues to be solved3
    1.2 Nominal predication in this study4
    1.2.1 Previous studies on predicate nominals4
    1.2.2 Nominal predication constructions to be discussed in this study7
    1.3 Nominal predication in Mandarin Chinese and the function of the copula 9
    1.3.1 Predicate nominals in Mandarin Chinese9
    1.3.2 The function of the copula 14
    1.4 The visibility of the Davidsonian argument20
    1.4.1 Neo‐Davidsonian theory & the Davidsonian argument visibility hypothesis20
    1.4.2 The copula as an eventuality predicate22
    1.4.3 Nominal predication under discussion as a reduced copular construction23
    1.4.4 The visibility of the Davidsonian argument: The possibilities 24
    1.5 The syntactic configuration of nominal predication27
    1.5.1 The studies on the syntactic representation of the Davidsonian argument27
    1.5.2 The syntactic structure of nominal predication 28
    1.6 The outline29
    Chapter 2 Temporals/Locatives and Nominal Predication31
    2.1 Introduction 31
    2.2 Predicate nominals in the copulaless nominal predicate construction31
    2.3 Temporal/locative nominal predicates32
    2.4 Restrictions on the predicative temporal/locative nominals34
    2.4.1 The restriction on the relative temporal/locative nominal predicates 35
    2.4.2 The restriction on the clause initial nominals37
    2.5 The analysis on the restrictions38
    2.5.1 Against Ma (1991) 38
    2.5.2 The distinction between absolute and relative temporals/locatives39
    2.5.3 The status of the clause initial temporal/locative nominals41
    2.6 The syntactic structure of the temporal/locative predicative construction46
    2.6.1 Relative temporals/locatives as implicit PPs 46
    2.6.2 The syntax of time arguments/time adverbs: Demirdache &Uribe-Etxebarria48
    2.6.3 The syntax of the temporal/locative nominal predicative construction53
    2.7 The predictions56
    2.7.1 Nominals with a spatio-temporal argument as eligible predicates56
    2.7.2 Time‐related adverbs and nominal predicates58
    2.7.3 Durative phrases and nominal predication65
    2.7.4 Temporal particles67
    2.8 The summary73
    Chapter 3 Modified Nominals and Nominal Predication 75
    3.1 Introduction 75
    3.2 The previous studies on modified nominal predicates75
    3.2.1 A review on Wei (2004)76
    3.2.2 The problems in Wei (2004) 77
    3.3 The classification of the modifiee78
    3.4 The classification of the modifier: The semantic distinction81
    3.4.1 Intersective and non‐intersective: The classical semantics 81
    3.4.2 Intersective and non‐intersective: Larson (1998)83
    3.5 The semantic restriction on modifiers 86
    3.5.1 Intersective modifiers and nominal predicates86
    3.5.2 Non‐intersective modifiers and nominal predicates86
    3.6 The syntactic structure of the modified nominal predicative construction 91
    3.6.1 N‐modifier vs. D‐modifier: Larson (1998, 2000; et seq.)91
    3.6.2 Modifiers in Mandarin nominal predication91
    3.6.3 Predicate Modification and the syntax of modified nominal predication94
    3.7 The predictions97
    3.7.1 Ambiguity of modifiers.97
    3.7.2 Non‐intersective modifiers in disguise 99
    3.7.3 The constraints on the verbal modifier106
    3.8 The summary 109
    Chapter 4 The Predicative Possessive Nominal Construction110
    4.1 Introduction110
    4.2 Possessors, relational nouns and nominal predication.110
    4.3 The temporal structure of noun phrases: Lecarme (1996, 1999, 2004)114
    4.4 The syntactic structure of possessive phrases 115
    4.4.1 Possessive nouns as prepositional phrases116
    4.4.2 The applicative analysis (Lecarme 2004, 2008)117
    4.5 Possessive noun phrases in Mandarin119
    4.5.1 Possessive relational noun phrases with an implicit temporal argument 119
    4.5.2 The syntactic structure of the possessive phrase 124
    4.6 The syntax of the predicative possessive nominal construction134
    4.7 Predictions136
    4.7.1 Possessors and modified nominal predicates136
    4.7.2 Nominals in the possessive construction138
    4.7.3 “Gapless restrictive clauses” as nominal predicates 140
    4.7.4 Collective nominal predicates and nominal predication141
    4.8 Summary 142
    Chapter 5 The Left Periphery of the Nominal Predicative Construction144
    5.1 C elements as licensors of nominal predication144
    5.1.1 Topic as the licensor145
    5.1.2 Focus as the licensor147
    5.2 Speech act phrase and the licensing of nominal predication149
    5.2.1 Elements related to speech act phrase149
    5.2.2 The syntax of speech act and licensing of nominal predication155
    5.3 The left periphery and licensing of nominal predication: Other evidence167
    5.3.1 Deictics and modifiers revisited167
    5.3.2 Secondary nominal predication 172
    5.4 The summary 189
    Chapter 6 Nominal Predication in Chinese: Conclusion and Remarks 190
    6.1 Nominal predication in Chinese: Conclusion 190
    6.2 Nominal predication in Mandarin Chinese: Some remarks193
    References198
    Index 213
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