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农业生态学(第二版)
  • 书号:9787030684158
    作者:王松良,(加)C.D.考德威尔(Claude D. Caldwell)
  • 外文书名:Agroecology
  • 装帧:平装
    开本:16
  • 页数:309
    字数:486000
    语种:en
  • 出版社:科学出版社
    出版时间:2021-06-01
  • 所属分类:
  • 定价: ¥69.80元
    售价: ¥55.14元
  • 图书介质:
    纸质书

  • 购买数量: 件  可供
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本书是“国家双语教学示范课程”配套教材,也是福建农林大学与加拿大戴尔豪斯大学(Dalhousie University)本科教育合作项目(2012年至今)的成果之一。
  本书紧紧围绕“农业是把太阳光转变成人们健康、幸福生活的产业”这一在世界农业面临全面生态化转型背景下对“农业”的本质过程和根本目标的理解,把“农业生态学”定义为地球演化进入“人类世”的农业系统学科,它既是指导农业生态转型的一种科学,也是推进农业生态转型的一种实践,更是实现全球可持续的食品体系的一种社会运动。为此,本书主要介绍农业生态学的学科内涵、农业生态系统的基本过程及人为问题,以及可持续农业生产系统的构建与管理等内容。
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目录

  • Contents
    Part Ⅰ Context of Agroecology
    Chapter 1 Agriculture and Its Anthropocentric Sciences 3
    1.1 Introduction and the Anthropocene Era 3
    1.2 What Are the “Hot” Issues in Agriculture and Food System? 5
    1.3 Agriculture, Agricultural Sustainability, and Agroecology 6
    1.4 Corn as a Symbol of Agroecology 14
    Chapter 2 Natural Ecosystems Versus Agroecosystems 17
    2.1 Expanding Our Understanding of “Ecology” 17
    2.2 Natural Versus Agricultural Ecosystems 19
    2.3 Energy Flow and Matter Cycle in a Natural Ecosystem 22
    2.4 Agroecosystems Harvest the Sun 24
    2.5 Matter Cycle and Agroecosystems 25
    2.6 Ecological Footprint 26
    Part Ⅱ Basics of Agroecosystems
    Chapter 3 Soils as the Basis for Cultivated Ecosystems 31
    3.1 Introduction 32
    3.2 Formation and Classification of Soils 32
    3.3 Ecosystem Services Provided by Soils 33
    3.4 Soil Characteristics 35
    Chapter 4 Water as the Basis for Cultivated Ecosystems 47
    4.1 Water Resources in the Global Ecosystem 47
    4.2 Water in Agroecosystems 50
    4.3 Aspects of Water Management in Agroecosystems 54
    Chapter 5 Linking Agroecosystems to Food Systems 57
    5.1 Food Systems in Association with Agroecosystem 57
    5.2 Agroecological Transition: Making Money and Respecting the Environment 58
    5.3 Concept of Sweet Spot 61
    5.4 Educating Consumers with Agroecology 61
    Chapter 6 Agroecosystem Health and Services 63
    6.1 What Is Ecosystem Health and How Does It Relate to Ecosystem Services? 64
    6.2 Evaluating Agroecosystem Health and Services 71
    Part Ⅲ Digging Deeper into Agroecosystems
    Chapter 7 Agroecology and Hunger 79
    7.1 Hunger Concepts and Definitions 80
    7.2 Causes for Hunger 83
    7.3 Green Revolutions 88
    Chapter 8 Wastes or Resources in Agroecosystems? 93
    8.1 What Are Resources and Wastes in Agroecosystems? 94
    8.2 Resources in Agroecosystems 95
    8.3 Waste in Agroecosystems 96
    8.4 Compost: Making It 98
    8.5 Vermicomposting 105
    8.6 Agricultural Uses of Compost 105
    Chapter 9 Global Climate Change and Agriculture 107
    9.1 What Is the Evidence for Climate Change? 107
    9.2 What Is the Greenhouse Effect and How Is It Related to Climate Change? 110
    9.3 Other Greenhouse Gases 114
    9.4 Agriculture’s Contribution to the Greenhouse Gases and Global Climate Change 116
    9.5 Impacts of Global Climate Change on Agriculture 117
    Chapter 10 Agrobiodiversity and Agroecosystem Stability 123
    10.1 Biodiversity and Its Associated Ecosystem Services 123
    10.2 Biodiversity in Agroecosystems 128
    10.3 Regenerating Biodiversity in Agroecosystems 131
    Part Ⅳ Application of Agroecosystem Concepts
    Chapter 11 Domestication in Agricultural Systems 141
    11.1 Introduction 141
    11.2 Adaptations for Wild Species Versus Adaptations for Domesticated Species 142
    11.3 How Did Domestication Allow for an Increase in Human Population? 144
    11.4 Domestication and Evolution of Agriculture 145
    11.5 Is Animal Production Good for Humans and the Planet? 146
    11.6 Is Domestication Exploitation? 147
    Chapter 12 Animal Welfare: A Good Life for Animals 151
    12.1 Introduction 151
    12.2 Principal Animal Welfare Issues in Modern Animal Agriculture 152
    12.3 Animal Welfare: Observations and Research 154
    12.4 Scientific Research 156
    12.5 International Approaches to Implementation of Animal Welfare and Their Impacts 160
    Chapter 13 Forage-Based Production Systems 163
    13.1 Introduction 163
    13.2 Forages in Production Systems 164
    13.3 Beneficial Effects of Forages 165
    13.4 Harvesting and Storing Forage 167
    13.5 Forages in Rotations 168
    Chapter 14 Cereal-Based Cropping Systems 171
    14.1 Introduction: Why Are Seeds of Cereals So Great? 171
    14.2 Domestication and Adaptation of Cereals 174
    14.3 The Major Cereal Crops in the World 175
    14.4 Cropping Strategies with Cereals 178
    14.5 Strategies for Improving Cereal Crops to Meet Future Needs 179
    Chapter 15 Vegetable-Based Production Systems 181
    15.1 The Roles of Vegetable in Human Development 181
    15.2 Nutrient Deficiencies 182
    15.3 Socioeconomic Impact 183
    15.4 Classification Systems of Vegetables 185
    15.5 Vegetable-Based Production Systems 187
    15.6 Profit Versus Principle 189
    Chapter 16 Perennial Fruit and Nut Production Systems 191
    16.1 Perennial Woody Plants in Agroecosystems 191
    16.2 Economics and Health with Fruit and Nut Crops 193
    16.3 Growing Fruits and Nuts 194
    16.4 Biotechnology and the Papaya: A Case Study in Hawaii 196
    16.5 Almonds and Water: Case Study 197
    16.6 Agroforestry and Its Techniques 198
    Chapter 17 Aquaculture Production Systems 201
    17.1 Aquaculture Must Grow in the Twenty-first Century 201
    17.2 The Role of Aquaculture in Human Nutrition 203
    17.3 Methods and Energy Efficiency in Finfish Aquaculture 204
    17.4 Sustainability of Aquaculture: Global Perspective 208
    Chapter 18 Environmental Innovations in Urban Ecosystems 211
    18.1 Urbanization Impacts 212
    18.2 Is the City an Ecological System? 215
    18.3 Urban Ecosystem Services 217
    18.4 Water Management 221
    18.5 Agriculture/Urban Agriculture 223
    18.6 Planning for Urban Land-Use 226
    Part Ⅴ Agroecosystem Management: Issues, Problems and Solutions
    Chapter 19 Integrated Pest Management (IPM): From Theory to Application 233
    19.1 The Importance of Insects 233
    19.2 The Development of Integrated Pest Management 235
    19.3 Sampling and Monitoring for Insect Pests 236
    19.4 Economics of Insect Pest Management 238
    19.5 Management Strategies 239
    19.6 Insect IPM Case Study 247
    Chapter 20 Organic Agriculture: A Model for Sustainability 251
    20.1 Overview of Organic Agriculture 251
    20.2 Definition, History, and Principles of Organic Agriculture 252
    20.3 Organic Standards and Regulations 256
    20.4 Organic Production Practices 258
    20.5 Organic Production Statistics and Market Demand 263
    20.6 Benefits and Challenges of Organic Agriculture 266
    20.7 Organic 3.0 267
    Chapter 21 Integrated Agroecosystem Management 269
    21.1 Introduction: Concepts and Definitions 270
    21.2 Integrated Farm Management 271
    21.3 Economic Framework to Agroecosystem Management 272
    21.4 How Does Government Policy Affect Agroecosystem Management? 276
    Chapter 22 Employing an Agroecological Approach to Achieve Sustainable Development Goals: A Case Study from China 279
    22.1 Introduction 279
    22.2 The Interdisciplinary Nature of Agroecology 281
    22.3 Agroecology Practices in China 282
    22.4 Connections Between Agroecology and the UN Sustainable Development Goals 284
    22.5 Case Studies 284
    22.6 Moving Agroecology Forward for the SDGs 292
    References 295
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