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猕猴桃属(英文版)
  • 书号:9787030416742
    作者:黄宏文
  • 外文书名:The Genus ACTINIDIA, A World Monograph
  • 装帧:圆脊精装
    开本:大16
  • 页数:332
    字数:450
    语种:
  • 出版社:科学出版社
    出版时间:2014-09-04
  • 所属分类:TQ9 其他化学工业
  • 定价: ¥260.00元
    售价: ¥208.00元
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  本著作为一本世界性的植物专属类志书,共分为8章,全面介绍了全球猕猴桃属植物的分类、系统进化、资源分布、物种特征及遗传变异等。同时,由于猕猴桃属于栽培果树,故本书也介绍了猕猴桃驯化栽培史、品种选育及商业化栽培和管理。本书既注重专属植物专著在分类系统、起源进化、遗传变异、区系地理和物种分布格局等方面的系统整理和阐释,特别是对猕猴桃属54个物种、21个变种进行了详细的描述并配有茎叶花果彩图解示,也兼顾了果树大全类专著在引种驯化、遗传资源变异、品种选育改良、果园栽培管理及产业格局,以及果树关键园艺技术的介绍和分析。
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目录




  • Foreword Preface Acknowledgements

    Introduction ............................................................................................1



    1 Systematics and Genetic Variation of Actinidia ...............8



    1.1 Taxonomic Revision ..............................................................................8



    1.1.1 Actinidia Lindl.................................................................................... 11



    1.1.2 Clematoclethra (Franch.) Maxim. ...................................................... 15



    1.1.3 Saurauia Willdenow .......................................................................... 15



    1.2 Treatment of Taxa in the Most Recent Revision of Actinidia ........16



    1.2.1 Three Varieties of Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zuccarini) Planchon ex Miquel .......................................................................................... 19

    1.2.2 Actinidia melanandra Franchet, Varieties and Synonyms ................... 19



    1.2.3 Actinidia kolomikta (Maximowicz & Ruprecht) Maximowicz .................... 19



    1.2.4 Actinidia tetramera Maximowicz ....................................................... 19



    1.2.5 Actinidia valvata Dunn ....................................................................... 20



    1.2.6 Actinidia callosa Lindley and A. umbelloides C.F. Liang ....................... 20



    1.2.7 The Actinidia chinensis Planchon complex.......................................... 20



    1.2.8 Actinidia eriantha Bentham ............................................................... 21



    1.2.9 Synonomy of Actinidia fortunatii Finet & Gagnepain,

    A. glaucophylla F. Chun, A. henryi Dunn and A. gracilis C. F. Liang ..........21







    1.2.10 Actinidia fulvicoma Hance, A. cinerascens C.F. Liang and

    A. fulvicoma f. hirsuta (Finet & Gagnepain) C. F. Liang...................... 22







    1.2.11 Actinidia hemsleyana var. kengiana (F. P. Metcalf) C. F.Liang and

    A. kengiana F. P. Metcalf ................................................................... 22





    1.2.12 Actinidia carnosifolia C. Y. Wu, A. carnosifolia var. glaucescens C. F. Liang and A. henryi var. polyodonta Handel-Mazzetti ...................... 22

    1.2.13 Actinidia flavofloris H. Z. Jiang ......................................................... 22





    1.2.14 Actinidia leptophylla C. Y. Wu, A. maloides H. L. Li and A. maloides

    f. cordata C. F. Liang ......................................................................... 22





    1.2.15 Actinidia jiangkouensis S. D. Shi & Z. S. Zhang and A. laevissima var. floscula S. D. Shi ......................................................................... 22

    1.2.16 Actinidia guilinensis C. F. Liang.........................................................23





    1.2.17 Actinidia linguiensis R. G. Li & X. G. Wang and A. wantianensis

    R. G. Li & L. Mo ................................................................................. 23







    1.2.18 Actinidia longicarpa R. G. Li & M. Y. Liang and A. rubraf ilmenta

    R. G. Li & J. W. Li ............................................................................... 23





    1.2.19 Actinidia petelotii Diels and A. rudis Dunn ........................................ 23



    1.2.20 Actinidia pentapetala R. G. Li & J. W. Li............................................. 23



    1.2.21 Actinidia zhejiangensis C.F. Liang and Actinidia persicina R. H. Huang & S. M. Wang ........................................................................ 23

    1.2.22 Actinidia vitifolia C.Y. Wu and A. rubus Léveillé................................. 23



    1.2.23 Actinidia rubricaulis Dunn and A. fasciculoides C.F. Liang......................... 23





    1.2.24 Actinidia ulmifolia C.F. Liang, A. sorbifolia C.F. Liang, A.

    stellato-pilosa C.Y. Chang, A. obovata Chun ex C.F. Liang and



    A. grandiflora C.F. Liang ................................................................... 23





    1.3 Paleopolyploid Origin, Biogeographic Patterns and Reticulate Evolution ...........................................................................23

    1.3.1 Paleopolyploid Origin and Evolution of Actinidia .............................. 23



    1.3.2 Biogeographic Patterns and Reticulate Evolution .............................. 26



    1.4 Actinidia Palynology ...........................................................................29



    1.4.1 Pollen Size and Morphology .............................................................. 29



    1.4.2 Phylogenetic Relationships in Actinidia as Revealed by Pollen Morphology ....................................................................................... 30

    1.4.3 Applications of Palynology ................................................................ 31



    1.5 Flower Morphology and Sex Variation.............................................34



    1.6 Ploidy Variation and Breeding Applications ...................................36



    1.6.1 Basic Chromosome Number .............................................................. 36



    1.6.2 Ploidy Races and Interploidy Hybridization........................................ 36



    1.6.3 Nuclear DNA Content and Flow Cytometry......................................... 41



    1.6.4 Ploidy Variation for Kiwifruit Breeding............................................... 42



    1.7 Genomic Diversity ..............................................................................43



    2 Species................................................................................................. 44



    2.1 Actinidia arguta ...................................................................................45

    2.1a Actinidia arguta var. arguta ................................................................ 45

    2.1b Actinidia arguta var. giraldii ............................................................... 47



    2.2 Actinidia callosa ...................................................................................48

    2.2a Actinidia callosa var. callosa ................................................................ 48

    2.2b Actinidia callosa var. acuminata .......................................................... 50

    2.2c Actinidia callosa var. discolor................................................................ 51



    2.2d Actinidia callosa var. henryi ................................................................. 53

    2.2e Actinidia callosa var. strigillosa ............................................................ 55



    2.3 Actinidia chengkouensis......................................................................56



    2.4 Actinidia chinensis ...............................................................................58

    2.4a Actinidia chinensis var. Chinensis ......................................................... 58

    2.4b Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa .......................................................... 60

    2.4c Actinidia chinensis var. setosa .............................................................. 63



    2.5 Actinidia chrysantha............................................................................65



    2.6 Actinidia cylindrical .............................................................................67

    2.6a Actinidia cylindrica var. cylindrica ........................................................ 67

    2.6b Actinidia cylindrica var. reticulata ........................................................ 69



    2.7 Actinidia eriantha ................................................................................70



    2.8 Actinidia farinosa.................................................................................73



    2.9 Actinidia fasciculoides .........................................................................75

    2.9a Actinidia fasciculoides var. fasciculoides............................................... 75

    2.9b Actinidia fasciculoides var. cuneata ..................................................... 76

    2.9c Actinidia fasciculoides var. orbiculata................................................... 77



    2.10 Actinidia fortunatii ...........................................................................78



    2.11 Actinidia fulvicoma ...........................................................................80

    2.11a Actinidia fulvicoma var. fulvicoma ..................................................... 80

    2.11b Actinidia fulvicoma var. cinerascens................................................... 82

    2.11c Actinidia fulvicoma var. hirsuta ......................................................... 84

    2.11d Actinidia fulvicoma var. pachyphylla ................................................. 85



    2.12 Actinidia glaucocallosa .....................................................................86



    2.13 Actinidia grandiflora .........................................................................88



    2.14 Actinidia hemsleyana .......................................................................90



    2.15 Actinidia henryi .................................................................................91



    2.16 Actinidia holotricha ..........................................................................93



    2.17 Actinidia hubeiensis ..........................................................................95

    ....................................................................96

    2.18a Actinidia indochinensis var. Indochinensis.......................................... 97

    2.18b Actinidia indochinensis var. ovatifolia ............................................... 98







    2.18 Actinidia indochinensis

    2.19 Actinidia kolomikta ...........................................................................99



    2.20 Actinidia laevissima ....................................................................... 102



    2.21 Actinidia lanceolata ....................................................................... 103



    2.22 Actinidia latifolia ............................................................................ 105

    2.22a Actinidia latifolia var. latifolia ......................................................... 105

    2.22b Actinidia latifolia var. mollis ............................................................ 107



    2.23 Actinidia liangguangensis ............................................................ 108



    2.24 Actinidia lijiangensis ..................................................................... 110



    2.25 Actinidia linguiensis ...................................................................... 112



    2.26 Actinidia longicarpa ...................................................................... 112



    2.27 Actinidia macrosperma .................................................................. 114

    2.27a Actinidia macrosperma var. macrosperma ....................................... 114



    2.27b Actinidia macrosperma var. mumoides ...........................................116



    2.28 Actinidia melanandra .................................................................... 117

    2.28a Actinidia melanandra var. melanandra ............................................ 117

    2.28b Actinidia melanandra var. glabrescens ............................................ 120



    2.29 Actinidia melliana .......................................................................... 121



    2.30 Actinidia obovata............................................................................ 122



    2.31 Actinidia persicina .......................................................................... 124



    2.32 Actinidia pilosula ........................................................................... 125



    2.33 Actinidia polygama ........................................................................ 127



    2.34 Actinidia rongshuiensis.................................................................. 129



    2.35 Actinidia rubricaulis ....................................................................... 129

    ................................................ 129

    2.35b Actinidia rubricaulis var. coriacea..................................................... 131



    2.35a Actinidia rubricaulis var. rubricaulis

    2.36 Actinidia rubus ............................................................................... 133



    ................................................................................ 134





    2.37 Actinidia rudis

    ................................................................. 134



    2.37b Actinidia rudis var. glabricaulis ........................................................ 136



    2.37a Actinidia rudis var. rudis

    2.38 Actinidia rufa .................................................................................. 137



    2.39 Actinidia rufotricha ........................................................................ 139

    2.39a Actinidia rufotricha var. rufotricha .................................................. 140

    2.39b Actinidia rufotricha var. glomerata ................................................. 141



    2.40 Actinidia sabiifolia ......................................................................... 143



    2.41 Actinidia sorbifolia ......................................................................... 145



    2.42 Actinidia stellatopilosa .................................................................. 146



    2.43 Actinidia styracifolia ...................................................................... 147



    ...................................................................... 149







    2.44 Actinidia suberifolia

    2.45 Actinidia tetramera ........................................................................ 150



    2.46 Actinidia trichogyna ....................................................................... 152



    2.47 Actinidia ulmifolia .......................................................................... 153



    2.48 Actinidia umbelloides .................................................................... 154

    2.48a Actinidia umbelloides var. umbelloides ............................................ 154

    2.48b Actinidia umbelloides var. flabellifolia ............................................. 156



    2.49 Actinidia valvata ............................................................................ 156



    2.50 Actinidia venosa ............................................................................. 158



    2.51 Actinidia vitifolia ............................................................................ 160



    2.52 Actinidia zhejiangensis .................................................................. 162



    2.53 Actinida hypoleuca ......................................................................... 164



    2.54 Actinidia strigosa ........................................................................... 166





    3 Natural Distribution of Genus Actinidia.......................... 167



    3.1 Regional Distribution, Natural Habitats, and Wild Production ......................................................................................... 167

    3.1.1 China ............................................................................................... 167



    3.1.2 East Asia and Southeast Asia ........................................................... 181



    3.2 Vertical Distribution ........................................................................ 183



    3.3 Geographic Distribution of Commercially Important Species ........ 183



    3.4 Geographically Overlapping Distributions, Natural hybridization and Gene Introgression of Species ................................................... 187

    4 Domestication and Commercialization of Actinidia....... 189



    4.1 Use of Actinidia Natural Resources in Ancient China .................. 189



    4.2 Early Western Introductions of Actinidia Species .......................... 191



    4.3 Domestication and Commercialization of A. chinensis var. chinensis and A. chinensis var. deliciosa ........................................ 192

    4.3.1 First Botanical Specimens ................................................................192



    4.3.2 Cultivation of A. chinensis var. deliciosa Outside China ..................... 193



    4.3.3 Commercialization of A. chinensis var. deliciosa ............................... 195



    4.3.4 Early Attempts to Cultivate A. chinensis var. chinensis Outside China ............................................................................................... 197

    4.4 Domestication and Commercialization of A. chinensis var. chinensis in China ............................................................................ 198

    4.4.1 Initial Experimental Cultivation ....................................................... 198



    4.4.2 Evaluation of Wild Actinidia Germplasm in China............................. 199



    4.4.3 Start of Commercial Cultivation of A. chinensis var. chinensis in China ............................................................................................... 200

    4.4.4 Commercialization of A. chinensis var. chinensis Outside China ............................................................................................... 200



    4.5 Domestication and Commercialization of A. kolomikta,

    A. arguta, A. polygama and A. eriantha......................................... 202





    4.6 The World Kiwifruit Industry.......................................................... 203



    4.6.1 World Plantings of Kiwifruit............................................................. 203



    4.6.2 World Production of Kiwifruit .......................................................... 204



    4.6.3 Important Kiwifruit Cultivars in International Trade......................... 204



    4.6.4 Segmentation of the Kiwifruit Market ............................................. 206







    5 Genetic Improvements and Cultivar Development

    of Actinidia ...................................................................................... 209



    5.1 Variation in Important Fruit Characteristics of Actinidia........... 209



    5.1.1 Fruit Size .......................................................................................... 209



    5.1.2 Fruit Shape ...................................................................................... 211



    5.1.3 Fruit Hairs and Skin .......................................................................... 211



    5.1.4 Fruit Color ........................................................................................215



    5.1.5 Ripening Indicators ......................................................................... 217



    5.1.6 Fruit Texture..................................................................................... 217



    5.1.7 Fruit Flavor ...................................................................................... 218



    5.1.8 Health Benefits of Kiwifruit ............................................................. 219



    5.1.9 Nutrient Composition ...................................................................... 219



    5.1.10 Other Fruit Characteristics ............................................................. 222



    5.2 Progress in the Selection and Breeding of Actinidia .................. 222



    5.2.1 Direct Introduction and Selection from the Wild.............................. 222



    5.2.2 Selection from Seed Collected in the Wild........................................ 223



    5.2.3 Selection from Open Pollination of Cultivars or Named Selections ........................................................................................ 223

    5.2.4 Clonal Selections ............................................................................. 223



    5.2.5 Budsport Selections ......................................................................... 223



    5.2.6 Cultivars Developed from Systematic Breeding Programs ............... 223



    5.2.7 Pollenizer Selections ........................................................................ 225



    5.2.8 Cultivars of A. arguta, A. kolomikta, and A. rufa ............................... 225



    5.3 Future Cultivars of Actinidia ........................................................... 225



    5.3.1 Further Exploration of Wild Genetic Resources................................. 226



    5.3.2 Gene Introgression Selection & Breeding from Natural Populations ..................................................................................... 226

    5.3.3 Gene Introgression Breeding: Theoretical and Practical Aspects ...... 227

    6 Main Cultivars in Commercial Production..................... 230



    6.1 Main Cultivars of A. chinensis var. deliciosa .................................. 230



    6.1.1 Hayward .......................................................................................... 230



    6.1.2 Qinmei ............................................................................................ 231



    6.1.3 Miliang No. 1 .................................................................................. 232



    6.1.4 Emihoutao No.1 (Jinkui) .................................................................. 233



    6.1.5 Xuxiang ........................................................................................... 234



    6.1.6 Bruno............................................................................................... 235



    6.1.7 Guichang ........................................................................................ 236



    6.1.8 Cuixiang (Ximi No. 9) ....................................................................... 236



    6.1.9 Yumihoutao No. 2 (Huamei No. 2).................................................... 237



    6.1.10 Jinxiang ........................................................................................ 238



    ................................ 239





    6.2 Main Cultivars of A. chinensis var. chinensis

    6.2.1 Hort16A (Earligold, fruit marketed as Zespri. Gold Kiwifruit) .......... 239



    6.2.2 Jintao (Wuzhi 81-1, C6, WIB-C-6, fruit marketed outside China under the names Jingold. and Kiwita) .......................................... 240

    6.2.3 Hongyang ........................................................................................ 241



    6.2.4 Huayou ............................................................................................242



    6.2.5 Jinyan ..............................................................................................243



    6.2.6 Cuiyu ...............................................................................................244



    6.2.7 Ganmi No. 1 (Zaoxian) .....................................................................245



    6.2.8 Ganmi No. 2 (Kuimi) ........................................................................246



    6.2.9 Ganmi No. 3 (Jinfeng) ......................................................................247



    6.2.10 Chuhong ........................................................................................248



    6.2.11 Wuzhi No. 3....................................................................................248



    6.3 Pollenizer Cultivars .......................................................................... 249



    6.3.1 Tomuri .............................................................................................249



    6.3.2 Matua ..............................................................................................250



    6.3.3 Chieftain ..........................................................................................250



    6.3.4 Moshan No. 4 ...................................................................................250



    6.4 Cultivar of A. eriantha...................................................................... 251



    6.4.1 Huate (White) .................................................................................251



    7 Cultivation and Management...............................................253



    7.1 Kiwifruit Plant Propagation........................................................... 253



    7.1.1 Seedling Propagation ......................................................................253



    7.1.2 Grafting ..........................................................................................254



    7.1.3 Vegetative Propagation ...................................................................256



    7.1.4 Tissue Culture Micropropagation......................................................257



    7.2 Culture and Management................................................................ 257



    7.2.1 Orchard Establishment .....................................................................258



    7.2.2 Orchard Management ......................................................................260



    7.2.3 Training and Pruning .......................................................................263



    7.2.4 Management of Flowers and Fruit ....................................................267



    7.3 Pests, Diseases and Control ............................................................. 269



    7.3.1 The History of Pests and Diseases on Kiwifruit ..................................269



    7.3.2 Important Diseases and Their Control ...............................................270



    7.3.3 Major Pests, Prevention and Control ................................................279



    8 Harvest and Storage ...................................................................284



    8.1 Harvest and Postharvest Handling ................................................ 284



    8.1.1 Harvesting ........................................................................................284



    8.1.2 Postharvest Handling .......................................................................285



    8.2 Storage ............................................................................................... 289



    8.2.1 Storage Methods ..............................................................................289



    8.2.2 Main Factors in Storage and CA Storage Parameters.........................291



    8.2.3 Storage Diseases ..............................................................................293



    References .............................................................................................295



    Index .........................................................................................................]]>
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