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中国动物志 扁形动物门 吸虫纲 复殖目(一)
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    作者:中国科学院中国动物志编辑委员会
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内容简介
吸虫纲属扁形动物门,皆营寄生生活。它是人类、经济及野生动物的寄生虫,对人体健康、家畜与家禽的饲养、鱼类的繁育、经济贝类的养殖都有不同程度的危害,因而直接或间接威胁着人们的生命与健康,严重影响国防建设及经济建设的发展。本志在吸虫的生物学基础理论、流行分布及防治等方面提供了基本的参考材料。
本志分总论及各论两大部分。总论中对吸虫的研究简史、形态特征、发育概况、分类与危害性等作了扼要介绍。各论中分别记述了吸虫的381种和亚种,分隶于14科、21亚科、93属。文中附科、属、种的检索表,并分别叙述了每一个种的形态特征、生活史、宿主与寄生部位、地理分布、危害性等,每一种均附有精确的插图或照片,以便读者对照鉴别。
本书可供大专院校生物专业师生、医药卫生工作者、兽医药工作者及有关科技人员参考。
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目录

  • 前言
    陈心陶教授简介
    顾昌栋教授简介
    总论
    (一)简史
    (二)形态特征
    (三)吸虫的发育
    (四)吸虫的分类
    (五)吸虫与人类关系
    各论
    一、并殖科Paragonimidae Dollfus,1939
    简史
    科的特征
    发育概况
    种类与致病种类
    科、属特征和检索表
    1.卫氏并殖吸虫Paragonimus westermani(Kerbert,1878)Braun,1899
    2.大平并殖吸虫Paragonimus ohirai Miyazaki,1939
    3.怡乐村并殖吸虫Paragonimus iloktsuenensis Chen,1940
    4.斯氏狸殖吸虫Pagumogonimus skrjabini(Chen,1959)Chen,1963
    5.云南并殖吸虫Paragonimus yunnanensis Ho,Chung et al.,1959
    6.福建并殖吸虫Paragonimus fukienensis Tang et Tang,1962
    7.巨睾狸殖吸虫Pagumogonimus macrorchis(Chen,1962)Chen,1964
    8.三平正并殖吸虫Euparagonimus cenocopiosis Chen,1962
    9.四川并殖吸虫Paragonimus szechuanensis Chung et T'sao,1962
    10.卫氏并殖吸虫四川亚种Paragonimus westermani subsp.szechuanensis Chung et T'sao,1962
    11.陈氏狸殖吸虫Pagumogonimus cheni(Hu,1963)Chen,1964
    12.异盘并殖吸虫Paragonimus heterotremus Chen & Hsia,1964
    13.丰宫狸殖吸虫Pagumogonimus proliferus(Hsia & Chen,1964)Chen,1965
    14.团山并殖吸虫Paragonimus tuanshanensis Chung,Ho,Cheng & T'sao,1964
    15.勐腊并殖吸虫Paragonimus menglaensis Chung,Ho,Cheng & T'sao et al.,1964
    16.白水河并殖吸虫Paragonimus paishuihoensis T'sao & Chung,1965
    17.曼谷狸殖吸虫Pagumogonimus bangkokensis(Miyazaki et al.,1967)Chen,1977
    18.会同并殖吸虫Paragonimus hueit'ungensis Chung et al.,1975
    19.卫氏并殖吸虫伊春亚种Paragonimus westermani subsp.ichunensis Chung Has & Kao,1978
    20.扁囊并殖吸虫Paragonimus asymmetricus Chen,1977
    21.小睾并殖吸虫Paragonimus microrchis Hsia,Chou & Chang,1978
    22.泡囊狸殖吸虫Pagumogonimus veocularis Chen & Li,1979
    23.歧囊并殖吸虫Paragonimus divergens Liu et al.,1980
    主要参考文献
    二、双腔科Dicrocoeliidae Odhner,1911
    简史
    科的特征
    发育概况
    双腔科各亚科检索表
    Ⅰ.双腔亚科Dicrocoeliinae Looss,1899
    (Ⅰ)双腔属Dicrocoelium Dujardin,1845
    1.矛形双腔吸虫D.lanceatum Stiles et Hassall,1896
    2.中华双腔吸虫D.chinensis Tang et Tang,1978
    (Ⅱ)侧黄属Athesmia Looss,1899
    3.单腺侧黄吸虫A.heterolecithodes(Braun,1899)Looss,1899
    4.泼氏侧黄吸虫A.Pricei McIntosh,1937
    (Ⅲ)短盘属Brachydistomum Travassos,1944
    5.雨燕短盘吸虫B.apium Li et al.
    6.壮盘短盘吸虫B.briaracetabulum Li et a1.,1978
    7.黑短脚鹎短盘吸虫B.hypsipetum Li et al.,1978
    8.粗糙短盘吸虫B.salebrosum(Braun,1901)Travassos,1944
    9.云南短盘吸虫B.yunnanense Li et al.,1978
    (Ⅳ)短腺属Brachylecithum Strom,1940
    10.阿芙特短腺吸虫B.alfortense(Railliet,1940)
    11.毛细短腺吸虫B.capilliformis Oschmarin,1952
    12.杜鹃短腺吸虫B.cuculi Oschmarin,1952
    13.蓬雀短腺吸虫B.emberizae(Yamaguti,1941)Yamaguti,1971
    14.蜡嘴短腺吸虫B.eophonae(Yamaguti,1941)Skrjabin et Evranova,1952
    15.啸鸫短腺吸虫B.eugenia Oschmarin,1947
    16.鹧鸪短腺吸虫B.francolinum Li et al.,
    17.翠鸟短腺吸虫B.halcyonis(Yamaguti,1941)Skrjabin et Evranova,1952
    18.印度短腺吸虫B.indicus Singh,1962
    19.分叶短腺吸虫,松鸦亚种B.lobatum(Railliet,1900)glandarii(Semenov,1927)
    20.洛氏短腺吸虫B.loossi(Layman,1926)Shtrom,1940
    21.大盘短腺吸虫B.megacetabulum Li et al.
    22.扩睾短腺吸虫B.magnitestium(Layman,1922)
    23.微睾短腺吸虫B.microrchis Tang et Tang,1978
    24.八哥短腺吸虫B.mosquensis(Skrjabin et Issiatschikoff,1927)Yamaguti,1971
    25.麻雀短腺吸虫B.passerium Shen,Shi et Li,1979
    26.拟扁体短腺吸虫B.platynosomoides Potechina,1948
    27.长窄短腺吸虫B.praetenue Oschmarin,1952
    28.短腺吸虫B.sittae Bai,1979
    29.棘短腺吸虫B.spinosum Li et al.
    30.台湾短腺吸虫B.taiwanense Fischthal et Kuntz,1975
    31.横殖短腺吸虫B.transversogenitalis(Layman,1922)Skrjabin et Evranova,1952
    32.麦鸡短腺吸虫B.vanellicola(Layman,1922)Shtrom,1940
    (Ⅴ)带形属Corrigia Strom,1940
    33.圆腺带形吸虫C.globigenitalis Tang et Tang,1978
    34.#鹛带形吸虫C.pteruthium Li et al.
    35.离睾带形吸虫C.separatiorchis Oschmarin,1952
    (Ⅵ)阔盘属Eurytrema Looss,1907
    36.胰阔盘吸虫E.pancreaticum(Janson,1889)Looss,1907
    37.枝睾阔盘吸虫E.cladorchis Chin,Li & Wei,1965
    38.腔阔盘吸虫E.coelomaticum(Giard et Billet,1892)Looss,1907
    39.福建阔盘吸虫E.fukienensis Tang et Tang,1978
    40.河麂阔盘吸虫E.hydropotes Tang et Tang,1975
    41.圆睾阔盘吸虫E.sphaeriorchis Tang,Lin et Lin,1978
    (Ⅶ)饶氏属Lutztrema Travassos,1941
    42.纤细饶氏吸虫L.attenuatum(Dujardin,1845)Travassos,1944
    43.巴塔饶氏吸虫L.bhattacharyai(Pande,1939)Travassos,1944
    44.福州饶氏吸虫L.foochowensis Tang et Tang,1978
    45.细体饶氏吸虫L.leptosomum Chin & Ku,1976
    46.斜形饶氏吸虫L.obliquum(Travassos,1917)Travassos,1941
    47.中华饶氏吸虫L.sinense Faust,1966
    48.有刺饶氏吸虫L.spinosum Faust,1966
    49.方腺饶氏吸虫L.quadratogonum Chin & Ku,1976
    50.凤头麦鸡饶氏吸虫L.vanelli Bai et Liu,1977
    (Ⅷ)窄体属Lyperosomum Looss,1899
    51.鹬窄体吸虫L.charadrii Belopol'skaja,1963
    52.越南窄体吸虫L.indosinensis(Odening,1964)Yamaguti,1971
    53.杓鹬窄体吸虫L.kronschnepi(Belopol'skaja,1963)Tang et Tang,1978
    54.长尾窄体吸虫L.longieauda(Rud.,1809)Looss,1899
    55.东方窄体吸虫L.orientale(Faust,1966)Tang et Tang,1978
    56.澳氏窄体吸虫L.oswaldoi(Travassos,1919)Travassos,1944
    57.毕氏窄体吸虫L.petrovi Kassimov,1952
    58.钩嘴鹛窄体吸虫L.pomatorhinium Li et al.
    59.台北窄体吸虫L.taipeiense Fischthal et Kuntz,1975
    60.黑鸫窄体吸虫L.turdia(Ku,1938)Travassas,1944
    61.蓝鹊窄体吸虫L.urocissae Yamaguti,1939
    (Ⅸ)拟异双盘属Paradistomoides Travassos,1944
    62.拉氏拟异双盘吸虫P.laruei Fischthal et Kuntz,1975
    63.东方拟异双盘吸虫P.orientalis(Narain et Das,1929)Travassos,1944
    (Ⅹ)异双盘属Paradistomum Kossack,1910
    64.大囊异双盘吸虫P.megareceptaculum(Tamura,1941)Yamaguti,1971
    65.多变异双盘吸虫P.mutabile(Molin,1859)Travassos,1919
    (Ⅺ)扁体属Platynosomum Looss,1907
    66.山羊扁体吸虫P.capranum Ku,1957
    (Ⅻ)拟扁体属Platynosomoides Yamaguti,1971
    67.鼠拟扁体吸虫P.muris(Shcherbakova,1942)Yamaguti,1971
    (ⅩⅢ)带睾属Zonorchis Travassos,1944
    68.哈威带睾吸虫Z.hartwichi Odening,1964
    69.巨睾带睾吸虫Z.macrorchis Faust,1966
    70.小睾带睾吸虫Z.microrchis(Travassos,1916)Travassos,1944
    71.多腺带睾吸虫Z.multivitellatus Faust,1966
    72.鹳鹆带睾吸虫Z.mynae Tang et Tang,1978
    73.有柄带睾吸虫Z.petiolatum(Railliet,1900)Denton and Byrd,1951
    Ⅱ.莱氏亚科Leipertrematinae Yamaguti,1958
    (ⅩⅣ)莱氏属Leipertrema Sandosham,1951
    74.斑蝠莱氏吸虫L.scotomanese Li et Ku
    Ⅲ.平形亚科Platynotrematinae Yamaguti,1971
    (ⅩⅤ)平形属Platynotrema Nicoll,1914
    75.前腺平形吸虫P.jacoris Nicoll,1914
    76.蓝鹇平形吸虫P.lophurae Fischthal et Kuntz,1976
    77.盘前睾平形吸虫P.praeorchis(Oschmarin,1952)Yamaguti,1958
    78.中国平形吸虫P.sinica Li et al.,1978
    参考文献
    三、同盘吸虫Paramphistomata(Szidat,1936)Skrjabin et Schulz,1937
    简史
    形态特征
    发育概况
    分科检索表
    (一)同盘科Paramphistomatidae Fischoeder,1901
    (Ⅰ)同盘属Paramphistomum Fischoeder,1901
    1.鹿同盘吸虫P.cervi(Zeder,1790)Fischoeder,1901
    2.吸沟同盘吸虫P.bothriophoron(M.Braun,1892)Fischoeder,1901
    3.后藤同盘吸虫P.gotoi Fukui,1922
    4.细同盘吸虫P.gracile Fischoeder,1901
    5.市川同盘吸虫P.ichikawai Fukui,1922
    6.雷登同盘吸虫P.leydeni Nāsmark,1937
    7.小盘同盘吸虫P.microbothrium Fischoeder,1901
    8.似小盘同盘吸虫P.microbothrioides Price et MacIntosh,1944
    9.原羚同盘吸虫P.procaprum Wang,1979
    10.拟犬同盘吸虫P.pseudocuonum Wang,1979
    (Ⅱ)巨盘属Gigantocotyle Näsmark,1937
    11.扩展巨盘吸虫G.explanatum(Creplin,1847)Fischoeder,1904
    12.深沟巨盘吸虫G.bathycotyle(Fischoeder,1901)
    13.台湾巨盘吸虫G.formosanum(Fukui,1929)
    14.泰国巨盘吸虫G.siamense(Stiles et Goldberger,1910)
    (Ⅲ)殖盘属Cotylophoron Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    15.殖盘殖盘吸虫C.cotylophorum(Fischoeder,1901)Stiles et Goldberger1910
    16.小殖盘吸虫C.fülleborni Näsmark,1937
    17.印度殖盘吸虫C.indicum Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    18.广东殖盘吸虫C.kwantungensis Wàng,1979
    19.湘江殖盘吸虫C.shangkiangensis Wàng,1979
    20.弯肠殖盘吸虫C.sinuointestinum Wàng,1977
    (Ⅳ)杯殖属Calicophoron Näsmark,1937
    21.杯殖杯殖吸虫C.calicophorum(Fischoeder,1901)Näsmark,1937
    22.纺锤形杯殖吸虫C.fusum Wang et Xia,1977
    23.江岛杯殖吸虫C.ijimai(Fukui,1922)Näsmark,1937
    24.绵羊杯殖吸虫C.ovillum Wang et Liu,1977
    25.斯氏杯殖吸虫C.skrjabini(Popowa,1937)
    26.吴城杯殖吸虫C.wuchengensis Wáng,1979
    (Ⅴ)锡叶属Ceylonocotyle Näsmark,1937
    27.侧肠锡叶吸虫C.scoliocoelium(Fischoeder,1901)Näsmark,1937
    28.短肠锡叶吸虫C.brevicaeca Wáng,1966
    29.陈氏锡叶吸虫C.cheni Wáng,1966
    30.双叉肠锡叶吸虫C.dicranocoelium(Fischoeder,1901)Näsmark,1937
    31.长肠锡叶吸虫C.longicoelium Wáng,1977
    32.副链肠锡叶吸虫C.parastreptocoelium Wáng,1959
    33.弯肠锡叶吸虫C.sinuocoelium Wáng,1959
    34.链肠锡叶吸虫C.streptocoelium(Fischoeder,1901)Näsmark,1937
    (Ⅵ)巨咽属Macropharynx Näsmark,1937
    35.中华巨咽吸虫M.chinensis Wáng,1959
    36.徐氏巨咽吸虫M.hsui Wáng,1966
    (Ⅶ)盘腔属Chenocoelium Wáng,1966
    37.江西盘腔吸虫C.kiangsiensis Wáng,1966
    38.直肠盘腔吸虫C.orthocoelium(Fischoeder,1901)
    (二)腹袋科Gastrothylacidae Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    (Ⅷ)菲策属Fischoederius Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    39.长菲策吸虫F.elongatus(Poirier,1883)Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    40.锡兰菲策吸虫F.ceylonensis Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    41.柯布菲策吸虫F.cobboldi(Poirier,1883)Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    42.狭小菲策吸虫F.compressus Wáng,1979
    43.菲策菲策吸虫F.fischoederi Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    44.日本菲策吸虫F.japonicus(Fukui,1922)Yamaguti,1939
    45.卵形菲策吸虫F.ovatus Wang,1977
    46.波阳菲策吸虫F.poyangensis Wang,1979
    47.泰国菲策吸虫F.siamensisStiles et Goldberger,1910
    (Ⅸ)长妙属Carmyerius Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    48.水牛长妙吸虫C.bubalis(Innes,1912)
    49.纤细长妙吸虫C.synethes(Fischoeder,1901)Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    (Ⅹ)腹袋属Gastrothylax Poirier,1883
    50.荷包状腹袋吸虫G.crumenifer(Creplin,1847)Otto,1896
    51.中华腹袋吸虫G.chinensis Wang,1979
    52.腺状腹袋吸虫G.glandiformis Yamaguti,1939
    53.球形腹袋吸虫G.globoformis Wang,1977
    (三)腹盘科Gastrodiscidae Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    (Ⅺ)平腹属Homalogaster Poirier.1883
    54.野牛平腹吸虫H.paloniae Poirier,1883
    (Ⅻ)腹盘属Gastrodiscus Leuckert,1877
    55.埃及腹盘吸虫G.aegyptiacus(Cobboldi,1876)Railliet,1893
    (ⅩⅢ)拟腹盘属Gastrodiscoides Leiper,1913
    56.拟人腹盘吸虫G.hominis(Lewis et Mc Connel,1876)Leiper,1913
    (四)枝睾科Cladorchidae Southwell et Kirshner,1937
    (ⅩⅣ)假盘属Pseudodiscus Sonsino,1895
    57.马假盘吸虫P.collinsi(Cobbold,1875)Stiles et Goldberger,1910
    (五)重盘科Diplodiscidae Skrjabin,1949
    (ⅩⅤ)重盘属Diplodiscus Diesing,1836
    58.中华重盘吸虫D.sinicus Li,1937
    59.两盘重盘吸虫D.amphichrus Tubangui,1933
    60.蟾蜍重盘吸虫D.bufonis Wang,1977
    61.日本重盘吸虫D.japonicus(Yamaguti,1936)Li,1937
    62.短肠重盘吸虫D.mehrai Pande,1937
    63.黑眶蟾重盘吸虫D.melanosticti Yamaguti et Mitunaga,1943
    64.微小重盘吸虫D.minutus Li et Gu,1978
    65.黑斑蛙重盘吸虫D.nigromaculati Wang,1977
    66.似棒重盘吸虫D.subclavatus(Goeze,1782)
    67.虎纹蛙重盘吸虫D.tigrinus Wang,1977
    (ⅩⅥ)裂盘属Schizamphistomum Looss,1912
    68.台湾裂盘吸虫S.taiwanense Fischthal et Kuntz,1975
    (ⅩⅦ)黑龙江属Amurotrema Achmerov,1959
    69.鲩黑龙江吸虫A.dombrovskajae Achmerov,1959
    (六)中盘科Gyliauchenidae Ozaki,1933
    (ⅩⅧ)中盘属Gyliauchen Nicoll,1915
    70.绿鱼中盘吸虫G.thalassamae Wang,1977
    参考文献
    四、片形科Fasciolidae Raillet,1895
    科的特征
    片形科分亚科检索表
    Ⅰ.片形亚科Fasciolinae Stiles et Hassall,1898
    (Ⅰ)片形属Fasciola Linnaeus,1758
    1.肝片吸虫F.hepatica Linnaeus,1758
    2.巨片吸虫F.gigantica Cobbold,1855
    Ⅱ.姜片亚科Fasciolopsinae Odhner,1910
    (Ⅱ)姜片属Fasciolopsis Looss,1899
    3.布氏姜片吸虫F.buski(Lankester,1857)Odhner,1902
    参考文献
    五、棘口科Echinostomatidae Dietz,1909
    简史
    科的特征
    发育概况
    棘口科分亚科检索表
    Ⅰ.棘口亚科Echinostomatinae Odhner,1911
    (Ⅰ)棘口属Echrnostoma Rudolphi,1809
    1.卷棘口吸虫E.revolutum(Fröhlich,1802)Looss,1899
    2.尖形棘口吸虫E.academia Skrjabin,1915
    3.埃及棘口吸虫E.aegyptica Khalil et Abaza,1924
    4.狭睾棘口吸虫E.angustitestis Wang,1977
    5.豆雁棘口吸虫E.anseris Yamaguti,1939
    6.曲睾棘口吸虫E.bancrofti Johntson,1928
    7.骨顶棘口吸虫E.chloropodis(Zeder,1800)Dietz,1909
    8.移睾棘口吸虫E.cinetorchis Ando et Ozaki,1923
    9.大带棘口吸虫E.discinctum Dietz,1909
    10.后藤棘口吸虫E.gotoi Ando et Ozaki,1923
    11.圆圃棘口吸虫E.hortense Asada,1926
    12.巨睾棘口吸虫E.macrorchis Ando et Ozaki,1923
    13.宫川棘口吸虫E.miyagawai Ishii,1932
    14.小睾棘口吸虫E.nordinana(Baschkirova,1941)Wang,1977
    15.红口棘口吸虫E.operosum Dietz,1909
    16.接睾棘口吸虫E.paraulum Dietz,1909
    17.北京棘口吸虫E.pekinensis Ku,1937
    18.强壮棘口吸虫E.robustum Yamaguti,1935
    19.小鸭棘口吸虫E.rufinae Kurova,1927
    20.束状棘口吸虫E.sarcinum Dietz,1909
    21.史氏棘口吸虫E.stromi Baschkirova,1946
    22.鸦棘口吸虫E.travassosi Skrjabin,1924
    23.肥胖棘口吸虫E.uitalica Gogarin,1954
    (Ⅱ)棘缘属Echinoparyphium Dietz,1909
    24.曲领棘缘吸虫E.recurvatum(von.Linstow,1873)Lühe,1909
    25.棒状棘缘吸虫E.baculus(Diesing,1850)Lühe,1909
    26.刀形棘缘吸虫E.bioccalerouxi Dullfus,1953
    27.中国棘缘吸虫E.chinensis Ku,Li et Zhu,1964
    28.带形棘缘吸虫E.cinctum(Rudolphi,1802)
    29.雉带形棘缘吸虫E.cinctum phasianina Gagarin,1954
    30.美丽棘缘吸虫E.elegans(Looss,1899)Dietz,1909
    31.鸡棘缘吸虫E.gallinarum Wang,1976
    32.小睾棘缘吸虫E.microrchis Ku,Pan,Chiu,Li et Zhu,1973
    33.多卵棘缘吸虫E.multiovatus Wang,1977
    34.凹睾棘缘吸虫E.syrdariense Burdelev,1937
    35.台北棘缘吸虫E.taipeiense Fischthal et Kuntz,1976
    36.西伯利亚棘缘吸虫E.westsibiricum Isaichkov,1925
    (Ⅲ)似颈属Isthmiophora Lühe,1909
    37.马来似颈吸虫I.malayanum(Leiper,1911)
    38.獾似颈吸虫I.melis(Schrank,1788)Lühe,1909
    39.雅西似颈吸虫I.jassyense(Lcon et Ciurea,1922)
    (Ⅳ)真缘属Euparyphium Dietz,1909
    40.伊族真缘吸虫E.ilocanum(Garrison,1908)Tubangui et Pas co,1933
    41.金腰燕真缘吸虫E.hirundonis Fischthal et Kuntz,1976
    42.隐棘真缘吸虫E.inerme(Fuhrmann,1904)Odhner.1911
    43.鼠真缘吸虫E.murinum Tubangui,1931
    (Ⅴ)达氏属Dietziella Skrjabin et Baschkirova,1956
    44.闽江达氏吸虫D.minjiana Wang,1976
    (Ⅵ)缘口属Paryphostomum Dietz,1909
    45.辐射缘口吸虫P.radiatum(Dujardin,1845)Dietz,1909
    46.白洋淀缘口吸虫P.baiyangdienensis Ku,Pan,Chiu,Li et Zhu,1973
    (Ⅶ)肾口属Nephrostomum Dietz,1909
    47.枝肾口吸虫N.ramosum(Sonsino,1895)Dietz,1909
    (Ⅷ)锥棘属Petasiger Dietz,1909
    48.杰出锥棘吸虫P.exaeretus Dietz,1909
    49.短尾锥棘吸虫P.brevicauda(Ishii,1935)Mendheim,1943
    50.大囊锥棘吸虫P.grandivesicularis Ishii,1935
    51.鸥锥棘吸虫P.laricola Ku Chiu,Li et Zhu,1977
    52.瓣睾锥棘吸虫P.lobatus Yamaguti,1933
    53.长茎锥棘吸虫P.longictrratus Ku,1938
    54.大棘锥棘吸虫P.megacanthum(Kotlan,1922)Pande,1939
    55.光洁锥棘吸虫P.nitidus Linton,1928
    56.苏州锥棘吸虫P.soochowensis Ku,Chiu,Li et Zhu,1977
    57.天津锥棘吸虫P.tientsinensis Ku,Chiu,Li et Zhu,1977
    (Ⅸ)新刺缘属Neoacanthoparyphium Yamaguti,1958
    58.舌形新刺缘吸虫N.linguiformis(Kogame,1935)Odening,1941
    (Ⅹ)拟锯体属Prionosomoides Freitas et Dobbin,1967
    59.台湾拟锯体吸虫P.taiwanense Fischthal et Kuntz,1975
    Ⅱ.低颈亚科Hypoderacinae Skrjabin et Baschkirova,1956
    (Ⅺ)低颈属Hypoderaeum Dietz,1909
    60.似锥低颈吸虫H.conoideum(Bloch,1782)Dietz,1909
    61.接睾低颈吸虫H.gnedini Baschkirova,1941
    62.瓣睾低颈吸虫H.vigi Baschkirova,1941
    (Ⅻ)多棘孔属Multispinotrema Skrjabin et Baschkirova,1956
    63.鸻多棘孔吸虫M.charadrii(Tubangui et Masilungan,1935)
    64.少棘鸻多棘孔吸虫M.charadrii oligospinosa Wang,1959
    Ⅲ.棘隙亚科Echinochasminae Odhner,1911
    (ⅩⅢ)棘隙属Echinochasmus Dietz,1909
    65.犹疑棘隙吸虫E.amphibolus Kotlán,1922
    66.枪头棘隙吸虫E.beleocephalus(Linstow,1873)Dietz,1909
    67.长形棘隙吸虫E.elongatus Miki,1923
    68.日本棘隙吸虫E.japonicus Tanabe,1926
    69.藐小棘隙吸虫E.liliputanus(Looss,1896)Odhner,1910
    70.巨棘棘隙吸虫E.megacanthus Wang,1959
    71.变棘棘隙吸虫E.mirabilis Wang,1959
    72.螯形棘隙吸虫E.mordax(Looss,1899)Price,1931
    73.诺维棘隙吸虫E.novalichesensis Tubangui,1932
    74.叶形棘隙吸虫E.perfoliatus(Ratz,1908)Gedoelst,1911
    75.鸢棘隙吸虫E.tobi Yamaguti,1939
    76.截形棘隙吸虫E.truncatum Wang,1976
    (ⅩⅣ)外隙属Episthochasmus Verma,1935
    77.狗外隙吸虫E.canium Verma,1935
    (ⅩⅤ)外颈属Episthmium Lühe,1909
    78.囊居外颈吸虫E.bursicola(Creplin,1837)Lühe,1909
    79.中形外颈吸虫E.intermedium Skrjabin,1919
    (ⅩⅥ)尿肠外颈属Uroproctepisthmium Fischthal et Kuntz,1976
    80.台湾尿肠外颈吸虫U.taiwanense Fischthal et Kuntz,1976
    (ⅩⅦ)冠缝属Patagifer Dietz,1909
    81.双叶冠缝吸虫P.bilobus(Rudolphi,1819)Dietz,1909
    82.少棘冠缝吸虫P.parvispinosus Yamaguti,1933
    (ⅩⅧ)中睾属Mesorchis Dietz,1909
    83.伪棘中睾吸虫M.pseudoechinatus(Olsson,1876)Dietz,1909
    84.八哥中睾吸虫M.acridotheri Wang,1976
    85.湖南中睾吸虫M.hunanensis Wang et Zhan,1977
    86.喀萨中睾吸虫M.kasachi Baschkirova,1941
    87.大卵中睾吸虫M.magniovatus(Yamaguti,1939)Skrjabin et Baschkirova,1956
    88.鹬中睾吸虫M.tringae Wang,1976
    (ⅩⅨ)微缘属Microparyphium Dietz,1909
    89.鸦微缘吸虫M.corvi Ozaki,1923
    (ⅩⅩ)异棘口属Allechinostomum Odhner,1911
    90.乌鹳异棘口吸虫A.nigriciconiatum Ku,Chiu,Li et Zhu,1974
    Ⅳ.沙穴亚科Saakotrematinae(Odening,1962)
    (ⅩⅪ)沙穴属Saakotrema Skrjabin et Baschkirova,1956
    91.后官沙穴吸虫S.metatestes(Saakova,1952)Skrjabin et Bashkirova,1956
    Ⅴ.鞭带亚科Himasthlinae Odhner,1910
    (ⅩⅫ)鞭带属Himasthla Dietz,1909
    92.绦形鞭带吸虫H.rhigedana Dietz,1909
    93.滨鹬鞭带吸虫H.alincia Dietz,1909
    94.长鞭带吸虫H.elongata(Mehlis,1831)Dietz,1909
    95.草鹬鞭带吸虫H.kusasigi Yamaguti,1939
    96.杓鹬鞭带吸虫H.numenii Wang,1977
    97.中华鞭带吸虫H.sinica Wang,1959
    (ⅩⅩⅢ)刺缘属Acanthoparyphium Dietz,1909
    98.红鹳刺缘吸虫A.phoenicopteri(Lühe,1898)Dietz,1909
    99.鸻刺缘吸虫A.charadrii Yamaguti,1939
    100.蛎鹬刺缘吸虫A.haematopi Ku et Chiu
    101.海番鸭刺缘吸虫A.kurogamo Yamaguti,1939
    102.瓣睾刺缘吸虫A.loborchis Wang,1977
    103.潜鸭刺缘吸虫A.marilae Yamaguti,1934
    104.肥厚刺缘吸虫A.ochthodromi Tubangui,1933
    105.多棘刺缘吸虫A.spinulosum Johnston,1917
    106.鸭多棘刺缘吸虫A.spinulosum suzugama Yamaguti,1939
    107.斑鸻刺缘吸虫A.squatarola Yamaguti,1934
    Ⅵ.柄口亚科Pelmatostominae Yamaguti,1958
    (ⅩⅩⅣ)柄口属Pelmatostomum Dietz,1909
    108.长形柄口吸虫P.longum Wang,1959
    109.中形柄口吸虫P.mesembrinum Dietz,1909
    Ⅶ.肿头亚科Chaunocephalinae Travassos,1922
    (ⅩⅩⅤ)肿头属Chaunocephalus Dietz,1909
    110.指小肿头吸虫C.ferox Dietz,1909
    111.中国肿头吸虫C.sinensis Ku,Chiu,Li et Zhu,1974
    Ⅷ.坚体亚科Pegosominae Mendheim,1940
    (ⅩⅩⅥ)坚体属Pegosomum Ratz,1903
    112.牛背鹭坚体吸虫P.bubulcum Tubangui et Masilungan,1935
    113.白鹭坚体吸虫P.egretti Srivastava,1957
    114.梭形坚体吸虫P.petrovi Kurashvili,1949
    115.硬棘坚体吸虫P.spiniferum Ratz,1903
    Ⅸ.伴突亚科Sodalinae Skrjabin et Schulz,1937
    (ⅩⅩⅦ)伴突属Sodalis Kowalewsky,1902
    116.匙形伴突吸虫S.spatulatus(Rudolphi,1819)Kowalewsky,1902
    117.窦氏伴突吸虫S.dogieli(Ovcharenko,1955)Yamaguti,1958
    118.全棘伴突吸虫S.holospinotus Ku,1958
    参考文献
    六、微茎科Microphallidae(Ward,1901)Travassos,1920
    简史
    科的特征
    微茎科分亚科检索表
    危害性
    Ⅰ.微茎亚科Microphallinae Ward,1901
    (Ⅰ)微茎属Microphallus Ward,1901
    1.长肠微茎吸虫M.longicaecus Chen,1956
    2.小微茎吸虫M.minus Ouchi,1928
    (Ⅱ)肉茎属Carneophallus Cable et Kuns,1951
    3.二叶肉茎吸虫C.pseudogonotyla(Chen,1944)Cable et Kuns,1951
    Ⅱ.马蹄亚科Maritrematinae Lal,1939
    (Ⅲ)马蹄属Maritrema Nicoll,1907
    4.娇美马蹄吸虫M.gratiosum Nicoll,1907
    5.亚帆马蹄吸虫微小亚种M.afanassjewi minor Chen,1957
    6.巨咽马蹄吸虫M.macropharynga Ke,1976
    7.巨卵马蹄吸虫M.majestova Ke,1976
    8.小马蹄吸虫M.minuta Ke,1976
    9.对茎马蹄吸虫M.obstipum(Van Cleave et Müller,1932)Müller,1934
    10.壮乳头马蹄吸虫M.papillorobusta Ke,1976
    11.伸展马蹄吸虫M.patulus Coil,1955
    12.陷下马蹄吸虫M.subdolum Jägerskiold,1909
    (Ⅳ)巴山属Basantisia Pande,1938
    13.大袋巴山吸虫B.macrovesicula(Chen,1957)Deblock et Pearson,1968
    14.淡水巴山吸虫B.tamsuiensis(Chiu,1961)Deblock et Pearson,1968
    (Ⅴ)雌盘属Gynaecotyla Yamaguti,1939
    15.毕氏雌盘吸虫G.bridgmani Deblock,1974
    16.北海雌盘吸虫G.peihaiensis Ke,1980
    17.湛江雌盘吸虫G.zhanjiangensis Ke,1980
    (Ⅵ)似蹄属Maritreminoides Rankin,1939
    18.马坝似蹄吸虫M.mapaensis Chen,1957
    (Ⅶ)类茎属Microphalloides Yoshida,1938
    19.麻斜类茎吸虫M.maxiensis Ke,1980
    20.裂巢类茎吸虫M.ovariolobatus Ke,1978
    21.南瓜类茎吸虫M.peponis Ke,1978
    (Ⅷ)杓鹬盘属Numeniotrema Belopolskaia,1952
    22.缩窄杓鹬盘吸虫N.constricta Ke,1979
    (Ⅸ)奥拿属Odhneria Travassos,1921
    23.微小奥拿吸虫O.minuta Ke,1979
    24.突乳头奥拿吸虫O.papilloprocera Ke,1980
    (Ⅹ)顶突属Probolocoryphe(Otagaki,1958)Otagaki,1958
    25.腺顶突吸虫P.glandulosa(Coil,1955)Yamaguti,1971
    (Ⅺ)假拉属Pseudolevinseniella Tsai,1955
    26.陈氏假拉吸虫P.cheni Tsai,1955
    (Ⅻ)卵腺属vttellatus Ke,1979
    27.结实卵腺吸虫V.compactus Ke,1979
    参考文献
    七、嗜眼科Philophthalmidae Travassos,1918
    引言
    科的特征
    嗜眼科分亚科检索表
    Ⅰ.嗜眼亚科Philophthalminae Looss,1899
    (Ⅰ)嗜眼属Philophthalmus Looss,1899
    1.鸡嗜眼吸虫P.gralli Mathis et Leger,1910
    2.鸭嗜眼吸虫P.anatinus Sugimoto,1928
    3.潜鸭嗜眼吸虫P.nyrocae Yamaguti,1934
    4.麻雀嗜眼吸虫P.occularae Wu,1938
    5.中华嗜眼吸虫P.sinenesis Hsu et Chow,1938
    6.普罗比嗜眼吸虫P.problematicus Tubengui,1932
    7.黎刹嗜眼吸虫P.rizalensis Tubangui,1932
    8.小鸮嗜眼吸虫P.nocturnus Looss,1907
    9.穆拉斯嗜眼吸虫P.muraschkinzevi Tretiakowa,1946
    10.印度嗜眼吸虫P.indicus Jaiswal et Singh,1954
    11.米氏嗜眼吸虫P.mirzai Jaiswal et Singh,1954
    12.霍夫卡嗜眼吸虫P.hovorkai Busa,1956
    13.勒克瑙嗜眼吸虫P.lucknowensis Baugh,1962
    14.翡翠嗜眼吸虫P.halcyoni Baugh,1962
    15.赫根嗜眼吸虫P.hegeneri Penner et Fried,1963
    16.安徽嗜眼吸虫P.anhweiensis Li,1965
    17.梨形嗜眼吸虫P.pyriformis Hsu,1982
    18.华南嗜眼吸虫P.hwananensis Hsu,1982
    19.小型嗜眼吸虫P.minutus Hsu,1982
    20.鹅嗜眼吸虫P.anseri Hsu,1982
    21.广东嗜眼吸虫P.guangdongnensis Hsu,1982
    22.小肠嗜眼吸虫P.intestinalis Hsu,1982
    23.鹡鸰嗜眼吸虫P.motacillus Hsu,1982
    (Ⅱ)眉鹟属Ficedularia Hsu,1979
    24.北京眉鹟吸虫F.beijingensis Hsu,1979
    (Ⅲ)新臀睾属Neopygorchis Tang et Tang,1979
    25.外黄新臀睾吸虫N.exvitellina Tang et Tang,1979
    Ⅱ.泄殖腔亚科Cloacitrematinae Yamaguti,1958
    (Ⅳ)无领平睾属Pittacium Szidat,1939
    26.无领平睾吸虫P.pittacium(Braun,1901)Szidat,1939
    27.鹭无领平睾吸虫P.egrettus Tang et Tang,1979
    Ⅲ.平睾亚科Parorchiinae(Lal,1936)Yamaguti,1958
    (Ⅴ)平睾属Parorchis Nicoll,1907
    28.有棘平睾吸虫P.acanthus(Nicoll,1906)Nicoll,1907
    29.纪图氏平睾吸虫P.gedoelsti Skrjabin,1924
    参考文献
    八、真杯科Eucotylidae Skrjabin,1924
    简史
    科的特征
    真杯科属的检索
    中国常见的真杯科种类检索表
    (Ⅰ)真杯属Eucotyle Cohn,1904
    1.白洋淀真杯吸虫E.baiyangdienensis Li,Zhu et Gu,1973
    (Ⅱ)顿水属Tanaisia(Skrjabin,1924)
    2.骨顶(蝶巢)顿水吸虫T.(L.)atra(Nezlobinski,1926)
    3.格子(蝶巢)顿水吸虫T.(L.)gracioza Nezlobinski,1926
    4.外睾(副顿水)顿水吸虫T.(P.)ectorchis Fischthal et Kuntz,1976
    5.勃氏(副顿水)顿水吸虫T.(P.)bragai(Santos,1934)Freitas,1951
    6.枝巢(顿水)顿水吸虫T.(T.)dendrovaria Gu,Qiu,Zhu et Li,1975
    7.长腺(顿水)顿水吸虫T.(T.)longivitellata Shtrom,1947
    8.大睾(顿水)顿水吸虫T.(T.)macrorchis Yamaguti et Asada,1942
    9.全睾(顿水)顿水吸虫T.(T.)integerriorcha Saidov,1954
    10.藩氏(顿水)顿水吸虫T.(T.)fedtschenkoi Skrjabin,1924
    11.大腺(邓木)顿水吸虫T.(Tam.)megalecitha Gu,Qiu,Zhu et Li,1981
    12.乌鸦(邓木)顿水吸虫T.(Tam.)corvi Yamaguti et Asada,1942
    13.云南(邓木)顿水吸虫T.(Tam.)yunnanensis Zhu,Li,Gu et Qiu,1978
    14.前壮(邓木)顿水吸虫T.(Tam.)precaria Freitas,1951
    15.扎氏(邓木)顿水吸虫T.(Tam.)zarudnyi(Skrjabin,1924)
    16.小睾(邓木)顿水吸虫T.(Tam.)microrchis Gu,Qiu,Zhu et Li,1981
    参考文献
    九、囊双科Didymozoidae Poche,1907
    简史
    科的特征
    囊双科各属的检索表
    (Ⅰ)囊双吸虫属Didymozoon Tashenberg,1878
    1.双枝囊双吸虫D.biramus Ku et Shen,1965
    2.巨形囊双吸虫D.gigas Ku et Shen,1965
    3.大眼鲷囊双吸虫D.priacanthi Ku et Shen,1965
    4.鲬囊双吸虫D.platycephali Ku et Shen,1965
    5.马鲛囊双吸虫D.scomberomori Ku et Shen,1965
    6.螺旋囊双吸虫D.spirale Yamaguti,1938
    7.鲐囊双吸虫D.pseumatophri Gu et Shen,1983
    8.似长颈囊双吸虫D.longicollopsis Gu et Shen,1983
    (Ⅱ)泡双吸虫属Didymocystis Ariola,1902
    9.辐射泡双吸虫D.radiatus Ku et Shen,1965
    10.卵形泡双吸虫D.ovata Ishii,1935
    (Ⅲ)似泡双吸虫属Didymocystoides Yamaguti,1970
    11.长睾似泡双吸虫,新种D.longiorchis Gu et Shen,1983
    (Ⅳ)合体双吸虫属Syncorpozoum Ku et Shen,1965
    12.海南合体双吸虫S.hainanensis Ku et Shen,1965
    (Ⅴ)麦氏带双吸虫属MacCallozoum(Ishii,1935)
    13.鲬麦氏双吸虫M.platycephali Ku et Shen,1965
    (Ⅵ)分性双吸虫属Gonapodasmius Ishii,1935
    14.鳃分性双吸虫G.branchialis Yamaguti,1970
    15.海南分性双吸虫,G.hainanensis Gu et Slen,1983
    16.太平洋分性双吸虫G.pacificus Yamaguti,1938
    (Ⅶ)镶双吸虫属Kollikeria Cobbold,1860
    17.东方镶双吸虫K.orientalis(Yamaguti,1934)Ishii,1935
    (Ⅷ)线双吸虫属Nematobothrium Ven Beneden,1858
    18.裂殖孔线双吸虫N.schistogonimum Ku et Shen,1965
    19.线形线双吸虫N.filiforme Yamaguti,1934
    (Ⅸ)后线双吸虫属Metanematobothrium Yamaguti,1938
    20.#后线双吸虫M.seriolae Ku et Shen,1965
    (Ⅹ)异线双吸虫属Allonematobothrium Yamaguti,1965
    21.石斑鱼异线双吸虫A.epinepheli Yamaguti,1965
    22.西沙异线双吸虫A.xishaense Gu et Slen,1983
    23.扭肠蚴Torticaecum
    参考文献
    附录 1920—1976中国吸虫区系调查研究初步总结
    索引
    (一)中名索引
    (二)学名索引
    彩色图版Ⅰ—Ⅲ
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