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现代经典光学
  • 书号:9787030236234
    作者:Geoffrey Brooker
  • 外文书名:Modern Classical Optics
  • 装帧:平装
    开本:16开
  • 页数:416
    字数:501000
    语种:英文
  • 出版社:科学出版社
    出版时间:2009-01
  • 所属分类:O43 光学
  • 定价: ¥78.00元
    售价: ¥62.40元
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  本书从现代的视角描述了经典光学,也可称为“半经典光学”。书中内容大都与经典光学相关,包含了相关的现象、仪器和技术,以及一些常见的主题:衍射、干涉、薄膜和全息光学,也涉及了高斯光束,激光腔.CD阅读器和共焦显微镜。涉及少量的量子光学。本书内容丰富.新颖,讲解透彻,各章最后均附有相关习题,书末附有部分习题的解答,可供高年级本科生及低年级研究生参阅,也可作为相关领域研究人员的参考书。
  本书作者为牛津大学物理系的Geoffrey Brooker。
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目录

  • 1 Electromagnetism and basic optics
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 The Maxwell eqiations
    1.3 Linear isotropic media
    1.4 Plane electromagnetic waves
    1.5 Energy flow
    1.6 Scalar wave amplitudes
    1.7 Dispersive media
    1.8 Electrical transmission lines
    1.9 Elementary(ray)optics
    1.9.1 The thin lens
    1.9.2 Sign conventions
    1.9.3 Refraction at a spherical surface
    1.9.4 The thick lens
    1.10 Rays and waves
    Problems
    2 Fourier series and Fourier transforms
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Fourier series:spectrum of a periodic waveform
    2.3 Fourier series:a mathematical reshape
    2.4 The Fourier transform:spectrum of a non-periodic waveform
    2.5 The analytic signal
    2.6 The Dirac δ-function
    2.7 Frequency and angular frequency
    2.8 The power spectrum
    2.9 Examples of Fourier transforms
    2.9.1 A single rectangular pulse
    2.9.2 The double pulse
    2.9.3 A δ-function pulse
    2.9.4 A regular array of δ-functions
    2.9.5 A random array of δ-functions
    2.9.6 An infinite sinewave
    2.10 Convolution and the convolution theorem
    2.11 Examples of convoltion
    2.12 Sign choices with Fourier transforms
    problems
    3 Diffraction
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Monochromatic spherical wave
    3.3 The Kirchhoff diffraction integral
    3.4 The Kirchhoff boundary conditions
    3.5 Simplifying the Kirchhoff inregral
    3.6 Complementary screens:the Babinet principle
    3.7 The Fraunhofer condition I:provisional
    3.8 Fraunhofer diffraction in'one dimension'
    3.9 Fraunhofer diffraction in'two dimensions'
    3.10 Two ways of looking at diffraction
    3.11 Examples of Fraunhofer diffraction
    3.12 Fraunhofer diffraction and Fourier transforms
    3.13 The Fraunhofer condition Ⅱ:Rayleigh distance and Fresnel number
    3.14 The Fraunhofer condition Ⅲ:object and image
    3.15 The Fresnel case of diffraction
    3.16 Fraunhofer diffraction and optical resolution
    3.17 Surfaces whose fields are related by a Fourier transform
    3.18 Kirchhoff boundary conditions:a harder look
    Problems
    4 Diffraction gratings
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 A basic transmission grating
    4.3 The multiple-element pattern
    4.4 Reflection grating
    4.5 Blazing
    4.6 Grating spectrometric instruments
    4.7 Spectroscopic resolution
    4.8 Making gratings
    4.9 Tricks of the trade
    4.9.1 Normal spectrum
    4.9.2 Correct illumination
    4.9.3 Shortening exposure times with a spectrograph
    4.9.4 Vacuum instruments
    4.9.5 Double monochromator
    4.9.6 An inventor's paradise
    4.10 Beyond the simple theory
    Problems
    5 The Fabry-Perot
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Elementary theory
    5.3 Basic apparatus
    5.4 The meaning of finesse
    5.5 Free spectral range and resolution
    5.5.1 Free spectral range
    5.5.2 Resolution
    5.6 Analysis of an étalon fringe pattern
    5.7 Flatness and parallelism of Fabry-Perot plates
    5.8 Designing a Fabry-Perot to do a job
    5.9 Practicalities of spectroscopy using a Fabry-Perot
    5.10 The Fabry-Perot as a source of ideas
    Problems
    6 Thin films
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Basic calculation for one layer
    6.3 Matrix elimination of'middle'amplitudes
    6.4 Reflected and transmitted Waves
    6.5 Impedance concepts
    6.6 High-reflectivity mirrors
    6.7 Anti-reflection coatings
    6.8 Interference filters
    6.9 Practicalities of thin-film deposition
    Problems
    7 Ray matrices and Gaussian beams
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Matrix methods in ray optics
    7.3 Matrices for translation and refraction
    7.4 Reflections
    7.5 Spherical waves
    7.6 Gaussian beams
    7.7 Properties of a Gaussian beam
    7.8 Sign conventions
    7.9 Propagation of a Gaussian beam
    7.10 Electric and magnetic fields
    Problems
    8 Optical cavities
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Gauss-Hermite beams
    8.3 Cavity resonator
    8.4 Cavity modes
    8.5 The condition for a low-loss mode
    8.6 Finding the mode shape for a cavity
    8.7 Longitudinal modes
    8.8 High-loss cavities
    8.9 The symmetrical confocal cavity
    8.10 The confocal Fabry-Perot
    8.11 Choice of cavity geometry for a laser
    8.12 Selection of a desired transverse mode
    8.13 Mode matching
    Problems
    9 Coherence:qualitative
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Terminology
    9.3 Young fringes:tolerance to frequency range
    9.4 Young fringes:tolerance to collimation
    9.5 Coherence area
    9.6 The Michelson stellar interferometer
    9.7 Aperture synthesis
    9.8 Longitudinal and transverse coherence
    9.9 Interference of two parallel plane waves
    9.10 Fast and slow detectors
    9.11 Coherence time and coherence length
    9.12 A Michelson interferometer investigating longitudinal coherence
    9.13 Fringe visibility
    9.14 Orders of magnitude
    9.15 Discussion
    9.15.1 What of lasers?
    9.15.2 The Young slits:another look
    9.15.3 Fast and slow detectors:another look
    9.15.4 Grating monochromator:another look
    9.15.5 Polarized and unpolarized light
    Problems
    10 Coherence:correlation functions
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Correlation function:definition
    10.3 Autocorrelation and the Michelson interferometer
    10.4 Normalized autocorrelation function
    10.5 Fringe visibility
    10.6 The Wiener-Khintchine theorem
    10.7 Fourier transform spectroscopy
    10.8 Partial coherence:transverse
    10.9 The van Cittert-Zernike theorem
    10.10 Intensity correlation
    10.11 Chaotic light and laser light
    10.12 The Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiment
    10.13 Stellar diameters measured by intensity correlation
    10.14 Classical and quantum optics
    Problems
    11 Optical practicalities:étendue,interferometry,fringe localization
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Energy flow:étendue and radiance
    11.3 Conservation of étendue and radiance
    11.4 Longitudinal and transverse modes
    11.5 Étendue and coherence area
    11.6 Field modes and entropy
    11.7 Radianee of some optical sources
    11.7.1 Radiance of a black body
    11.7.2 Radiance of a gas-discharge lamp
    11.7.3 Radiance of a light-emitting diode (LED)
    11.8 Étendue and interferometers
    11.9 大Etendue and spectrometers
    11.10 A design study:a Fourier-transform spectrometer
    11.11 Fringe locahzation
    Problems
    12 Image formation:diffraction theory
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Image formation with transversely Coherent illumination informal
    12.3 Image formation:ideal optical system
    12.4 Image formation:imperfect optical system
    12.5 Microscope resolution:Abbe theory
    12.5.1 Abbe theory:introduction
    12.5.2 Abbe theory:explanation
    12.6 Improving the basic microscope
    12.7 Phase contrast
    12.8 Dark-ground illumination
    12.9 Schlieren
    12.10 Apodizing
    12.11 Holography
    12.12 The point spread function
    12.13 Optical transfer function;modulation transfer function
    Problems
    13 Holography
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Special case:plane-wave obiect beam and plane-wave reference beam
    13.3 The intensity of the reference beam
    13.4 The response of a photographic emulsion
    13.5 The theory of holography
    13.6 Formatiol of an image
    13.7 What if we break a hologram in half?
    13.8 Replay with changed optical geometry
    13.9 The effect of a thick photographic emulsion
    13.10 Phase holograms
    13.11 Gabor's holograms
    13.12 Practicalities
    13.13 Applications of holography
    Problems
    14 Optical fibres
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Fibre optics:basics
    14.3 Transverse modes
    14.4 Dispersion
    14.4.1 Material dispersion
    14.4.2 Intermodal and intramodal dispersion
    14.5 Multimode fibres
    14.6 Single-mode fibres
    Problems
    15 Polarization
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 Anisotropic media
    15.3 The mathematics of anisotropy
    15.4 The understanding of tensorεij
    15.5 The Faraday effect
    15.6 Optical activity
    Problems
    16 Two modern optical devices
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Compact disc:description of the disc
    16.3 Compact disc:the encoding scheme
    16.4 Optics of reading a compact disc
    16.5 Feedback systems
    16.5.1 Correction of tracking
    16.5.2 Correction of focus
    16.6 CD-ROM
    16.7 DVD
    16.8 The confocal microscope
    16.9 Confocal microscope:resolution
    16.10 The confocal microscope:depth of focus
    Problems
    Notes on selected problems
    Bibliography
    Index
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