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代数几何I:代数曲线,代数流形与概型
  • 书号:9787030234803
    作者:Shafarevich, I.R.
  • 外文书名:Algebraic Geometry Ⅰ:Algebraic Curves,Algebraic Manifolds and Schemes
  • 丛书名:国外数学名著系列(影印版)
  • 装帧:精装
    开本:B5
  • 页数:320
    字数:387000
    语种:英文
  • 出版社:科学出版社
    出版时间:2009-01
  • 所属分类:
  • 定价: ¥138.00元
    售价: ¥138.00元
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This book consists of two parts. The first is devoted to the theory of curves, which are treated from both the analytic and algebraic points of view. Starting with the basic notions of the theory of Riemann surfaces the reader is lead into an exposition covering the Riemann-Roch theorem, Riemann\\\'s fundamental existence theorem,uniformization and automorphic functions. The algebraic material also treats algebraic curves over an arbitrary field and the connection between algebraic curves and Abelian varieties. The second part is an introduction to higher-dimensional algebraic geometry. The author deals with algebraic varieties, the corresponding morphisms. the theory of coherent sheaves and, finally, The theory of schemes. This book is a very readable introduction to algebraic geometry and will be immensely useful to mathematicians working in algebraic geometry and complex analysis and especially to graduate students in these fields.
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目录

  • I. Riemann Surfaces and Algebraic Curves
    Introduction by I. R. Shafarevich
    Chapter 1. Riemann Surfaces
    § 1. Basic Notions
    1.1. Complex Chart; Complex Coordinates
    1.2. Complex Analytic Atlas
    1.3. Complex Analytic Manifolds
    1.4. Mappings of Complex Manifolds
    1.5. Dimension of a Complex Manifold
    1.6. Riemann Surfaces
    1.7. Differentiable Manifolds
    §2. Mappings of Riemann Surfaces
    2.1. Nonconstant Mappings of Riemann Surfaces are Discrete
    2.2. Meromorphic Functions on a Riemann Surface
    2.3. Meromorphic Functions with Prescribed Behaviour at Poles
    2.4. Multiplicity of a Mapping; Order of a Function
    2.5. Topological Properties of Mappings of Riemann Surfaces
    2.6. Divisors on Riemann Surfaces
    2.7. Finite Mappings of Riemann Surfaces
    2.8. Unramified Coverings of Riemann Surfaces
    2.9. The Universal Covering
    2.10. Continuation of Mappings
    2.11. The Riemann Surface of an Algebraic Function
    §3. Topology of Riernann Surfaces
    3.1. Orientability
    3.2. Triangulability
    3.3. Development;Topological Genus
    3.4. Structure of the Fundamental Group
    3.5. The Euler Characteristic
    3.6. The Hurwitz Formulae
    3.7. Homology and Cohomology;Betti Numbers
    3.8. Intersection Product;Poincark Duality
    § 4. Calculus on Riemann Surfaces
    4.1. Tangent Vectors;Differentiations
    4.2. Differential Forms
    4.3. Exterior Differentiations;de Rham Cohomology
    4.4. Kahler and Riemann Metrics
    4.5. Integration of Exterior Differentials;Green's Formula
    4.6. Periods;de Rham Isomorphism
    4.7. Holomorphic Differentials;Geometric Genus;Remann's Bilinear Relations
    4.8. Meromorphic Differentials;Canonical Divisors
    4.9. Meromorphic Differentials with Prescribed Behaviour at Poles;Residues
    4.10. Periods of Meromorphic Differentials
    4.11. Harmonic Differentials
    4.12. Hilbert Space of Differentials;Harmonic Projection
    4.13. Hodge Decomposition
    4.14. Existence of Meromorphic Differentials and Functions
    4.15. Dirichlet's Principle
    §5. Classification of Riemann Surfaces
    5.1. Canonical Regions
    5.2. Uniformization
    5.3. Types of Riemann Surfaces
    5.4. Automorphisms of Canonical Regions
    5.5. Riemann Surfaces of Elliptic Type
    5.6. Riemann Surfaces of Parabolic Type
    5.7. Riemann Surfaces of Hyperbolic Type
    5.8. Automorphic Forms;Poincark Series
    5.9. Quotient Riemann Surfaces;the Absolute Invariant
    5.10. Moduli of Riemann Surfaces
    §6. Algebraic Nature of Compact Riemann Surfaces
    6.1. Function Spaces and Mappings Associated with Divisors
    6.2. Riemann-Roch Formula;Reciprocity Law for Differentials of the First and Second Kind
    6.3. Applications of the Riemann-Roch Formula to Problems of Existence of Meromorphic Functions and Differentials
    6.4. Compact Riemann Surfaces are Projective
    6.5. Algebraic Nature of Projective Models;Arithmetic Riemann Surfaces
    6.6. Models of Riemann Surfaces of Genus 1
    Chapter 2. Algebraic Curves
    §1. Basic Notions
    1.1. Algebraic Varieties;Zariski Topology
    1.2. Regular Functions and Mappings
    1.3. The Image of a Projective Variety is Closed
    1.4. Irreducibility;Dimension
    1.5. Algebraic Curves
    1.6. Singular and Nonsingular Points on Varieties
    1.7. Rational Functions, Mappings and Varieties
    1.8. Differentials
    1.9. Comparison Theorems
    1.10. Lefschetz Principle
    §2. Riemann-Roch Formula
    2.1. Multiplicity of a Mapping;Ramification
    2.2. Divisors
    2.3. Intersection of Plane Curves
    2.4. The Hurwitz Formulae
    2.5. Function Spaces and Spaces of Differentials Associated with Divisors
    2.6. Comparison Theorems (Continued)
    2.7. Riemann-Roch Formula
    2.8. Approaches to the Proof
    2.9. First Applications
    2.10. Riemann Count
    §3. Geometry of Projective Curves
    3.1. Linear Systems
    3.2. Mappings of Curves into Pn
    3.3. Generic Hyperplane Sections
    3.4. Geometrical Interpretation of the Riemann-Roch Formula
    3.5. Clifford's Inequality
    3.6. Castelnuovo's Inequality
    3.7. Space Curves
    3.8. Projective Normality
    3.9. The Ideal of a Curve;Intersections of Quadrics
    3.10. Complete Intersections
    3.11. The Simplest Singularities of Curves
    3.12. The Clebsch Formula
    3.13. Dual Curves
    3.14. Pliicker Formula for the Class
    3.15. Correspondence of Branches;Dual Formulae
    Chapter 3. Jacobians and Abelian Varieties
    §1. Abelian Varieties
    1.1. Algebraic Groups
    1.2. Abelian Varieties
    1.3. Algebraic Complex Tori;Polarized Tori
    1.4. Theta Function and Riemann Theta Divisor
    1.5. Principally Polarized Abelian Varieties
    1.6. Points of Finite Order on Abelian Varieties
    1.7. Elliptic Curves
    §2. Jacobians of Curves and of Riemann Surfaces
    2.1. Principal Divisors on Ftiemann Surfaces
    2.2. Inversion Problem
    2.3. Picard Group
    2.4. Picard Varieties and their Universal Property
    2.5. Polarization Divisor of the Jacobian of a Curve;Poincark Formulae
    2.6. Jacobian of a Curve of Genus 1
    References
    II. Algebraic Varieties and Schemes
    Introduction
    Chapter 1. Algebraic Varieties: Basic Notions
    §1. Affine Space
    1.1. Base Field
    1.2. Affine Space
    1.3. Algebraic Subsets
    1.4. Systems of Algebraic Equations;Ideals
    1.5. Hilbert's Nullstellensatz
    §2. Affine Algebraic Varieties
    2.1. Affine Varieties
    2.2. Abstract Affine Varieties
    2.3. Affine Schemes
    2.4. Products of Affine Varieties
    2.5. Intersection of Subvarieties
    2.6. Fibres of a Morphism
    2.7. The Zariski Topology
    2.8. Localization
    2.9. Quasi-affine Varieties
    2.10. Affine Algebraic Geometry
    §3. Algebraic Varieties
    3.1. Projective Space
    3.2. Atlases and Varieties
    3.3. Gluing
    3.4. The Grassmann Variety
    3.5. Projective Varieties
    §4. Morphisms of Algebraic Varieties
    4.1. Definitions
    4.2. Products of Varieties
    4.3. Equivalence Relations
    4.4. Projection
    4.5. The Veronese Embedding
    4.6. The Segre Embedding
    4.7. The Pliicker Embedding
    §5. Vector Bundles
    5.1. Algebraic Groups
    5.2. Vector Bundles
    5.3. Tautological Bundles
    5.4. Constructions with Bundles
    §6. Coherent Sheaves
    6.1. Presheaves
    6.2. Sheaves
    6.3. Sheaves of Modules
    6.4. Coherent Sheaves of Modules
    6.5. Ideal Sheaves
    6.6. Constructions of Varieties
    §7. Differential Calculus on Algebraic Varieties
    7.1. Differential of a Regular Function
    7.2. Tangent Space
    7.3. Tangent Cone
    7.4. Smooth Varieties and Morphisms
    7.5. Normal Bundle
    7.6. Tangent Bundle
    7.7. Sheaves of Differentials
    Chapter 2. Algebraic Varieties: Fundamental Properties
    §1. Rational Maps
    1.1. Irreducible Varieties
    1.2. Noetherian Spaces
    1.3. Rational Functions
    1.4. Rational Maps
    1.5. Graph of a Rational Map
    1.6. Blowing up a Point
    1.7. Blowing up a Subscheme
    §2. Finite Morphisms
    2.1. Quasi-finite Morphisms
    2.2. Finite Morphisms
    2.3. Finite Morphisms Are Closed
    2.4. Application to Linear Projections
    2.5. Normalization Theorems
    2.6. The Constructibility Theorem
    2.7. Normal Varieties
    2.8. Finite Morphisms Are Open
    §3. Complete Varieties and Proper Morphisms
    3.1. Definitions
    3.2. Properties of Complete Varieties
    3.3. Projective Varieties Are Complete
    3.4. Example of a Complete Nonprojective Variety
    3.5. The Finiteness Theorem
    3.6. The Connectedness Theorem
    3.7. The Stein Factorization
    §4. Dimension Theory
    4.1. Combinatorial Definition of Dimension
    4.2. Dimension and Finite Morphisms
    4.3. Dimension of a Hypersurface
    4.4. Theorem on the Dimension of the Fibres
    4.5. The Semi-continuity Theorem of Chevalley
    4.6. Dimension of Intersections in Affine Space
    4.7. The Generic Smoothness Theorem
    §5. Unramified and tale Morphisms
    5.1. The Implicit Function Theorem
    5.2. Unramified Morphisms
    5.3. Embedding of Projective Varieties
    5.4. tale Morphisms
    5.5. Étale Coverings
    5.6. The Degree of a Finite Morphism
    5.7. The Principle of Conservation of Number
    §6. Local Properties of Smooth Varieties
    6.1. Smooth Points
    6.2. Local Irreducibility
    6.3. Factorial Varieties
    6.4. Subvarieties of Higher Codimension
    6.5. Intersections on a Smooth Variety
    6.6. The Cohen-Macaulay Property
    §7. Application to Birational Geometry.
    7.1. Fundamental Points
    7.2. Zariski's Main Theorem
    7.3. Behaviour of Differential Forms under Rational Maps
    7.4. The Exceptional Variety of a Birational Morphism
    7.5. Resolution of Singularities
    7.6. A Criterion for Normality
    Chapter 3. Geometry on an Algebraic Variety.
    §1. Linear Sections of a Projective Variety
    1.1. External Geometry of a Variety
    1.2. The Universal Linear Section
    1.3. Hyperplane Sections
    1.4. The Connectedness Theorem
    1.5. The Ruled Join
    1.6. Applications of the Connectedness Theorem
    §2. The Degree of a Projective Variety
    2.1. Definition of the Degree
    2.2. Theorem of Bkzout
    2.3. Degree and Codimension
    2.4. Degree of a Linear Projection
    2.5. The Hilbert Polynomial
    2.6. The Arithmetic Genus
    §3. Divisors
    3.1. Cartier Divisors
    3.2. Weil Divisors
    3.3. Divisors and Invertible Sheaves
    3.4. Functoriality
    3.5. Excision Theorem
    3.6. Divisors on Curves
    §4. Linear Systems of Divisors
    4.1. Families of Divisors
    4.2. Linear Systems of Divisors
    4.3. Linear Systems without Base Points.
    4.4. Ample Systems
    4.5. Linear Systems and Rational Maps
    4.6. Pencils
    4.7. Linear and Projective Normality
    §5. Algebraic Cycles
    5.1. Definitions
    5.2. Direct Image of a Cycle
    5.3. Rational Equivalence of Cycles
    5.4. Excision Theorem
    5.5. Intersecting Cycles with Divisors
    5.6. Segre Classes of Vector Bundles
    5.7. The Splitting Principle
    §6. Intersection Theory
    6.1. Intersection of Cycles
    6.2. Deformation to the Normal Cone
    6.3. Gysin Homomorphism
    6.4. The Chow Ring
    6.5. The Chow Ring of Projective Space
    6.6. The Chow Ring of a Grassmannian
    6.7. Intersections on Surfaces
    §7. The Chow Variety
    7.1. Cycles in Pn
    7.2. From Cycles to Divisors
    7.3. Eom Divisors to Cycles
    7.4. Cycles on Arbitrary Varieties
    7.5. Enumerative Geometry
    7.6. Lines on a Cubic
    7.7. The Five Conics Problem
    Chapter 4. Schemes
    §1. Algebraic Equations
    1.1. Real Equations
    1.2. Equations over a Field
    1.3. Equations over Rings
    1.4. The Prime Spectrum
    1.5. Comparison with Varieties
    §2. Affine Schemes
    2.1. Functions on the Spectrum
    2.2. Topology on the Spectrum
    2.3. Structure Sheaf
    2.4. Functoriality
    2.5. Example:the Affine Line
    2.6. Example:the Abstract Vector
    §3. Schemes
    3.1. Definitions
    3.2. Examples
    3.3. Relative Schemes
    3.4. Properties of Schemes
    3.5. Properties of Morphisms
    3.6. Regular Schemes
    3.7. Flat Morphisms
    §4. Algebraic Schemes and Families of Algebraic Schemes
    4.1. Algebraic Schemes
    4.2. Geometrization
    4.3. Geometric Properties of Algebraic Schemes
    4.4. Families of Algebraic Schemes
    4.5. Smooth Families
    References
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